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Freedom of conscience, sexual identity and public morality. The conscientious objection of judges and mayors to marriages between people of the same sex. Transsexualism and sensitivity of the jurist: An updated rereading of the Law 164 1982. Marriage of people of the same sex in private international law. Sexual identity and Civil Registry. Exegesis of Law 3 2007, of March 15, regulating the registry rectification of the mention regarding the sex of the people. The process of paternity and filiation. Conscientious objection: Education for citizenship. The extinction of the effectiveness of res judicata of final judgments handed down in filiation processes. Affiliation processes: Test principle for the admission of the claim and assessment of the refusal to submit to biological tests. Probatory specialties in filiation processes. Jurisprudential solution to the proceedings initiated and not concluded upon the entry into force of Law 3 2007, of March 15. The discrimination of the spouse and homosexual partner of the user, in the Law on assisted reproduction techniques. The personal character of civil law as the axis of the juridification of affective life. The stable unions of couple: Regulation of «more uxorio». Reflections on section 3 of article 9 of the Civil Code. Pontifical Javeriana University. From the beginning, the need to dedicate academic reflections to categories that go beyond one of the letters of the acronym was presented. However, we know that the academic literature for each of these letters is disparate. It could almost be said that there is a diminuendo from the third letter. Conceptual bases of a regulation that ensures equal rights to lesbians, homosexuals, transsexuals and transgenders in Venezuela. Theatrical transformation: police responsibility and transphobic violence. Transsexualism challenges the right. The legal rationality in the bioethical discussion of the transsexual. The deconstruction of gender: a right. An analysis of informed consent from the point of view of the concept of corporality. The intersexual states and anomalous sexual behaviors. 2: Theories about transsexualism. Its importance for sexual differentiation. Axiological guidelines on man. 2: Constitutional rights and guarantees involved. 3: Postures regarding the sexual reassignment. The favorable position of the doctrine. Proposals for legislation on sexual adequacy in case of transsexualism and name change. 4: Constitutional restrictions on individual rights. Public order, social morals, damage to third parties. 5: Rectification and update. The intricate registry issue. Alternatives for the registration modification of the registration in the act of birth. Third proposal: registration analogous to the registration of the adoption and the recognition of an extramarital child, with the marginal note. Fourth proposal: rectification of the registration and obligation to request subsequent judicial authorization for legal acts involving institutions of public order. Transsexuality and civil protection of the person. Conceptual approach and terminology. Sex and marital status: historical considerations. The constitutional principle of free personality development. Right to sexual identity and discrimination based on sex. Right to sexual identity and gender perspective. Transsexualism and family: right to marry. Spanish normative model: evolution and guiding principles. Editorial Dykinson, Madrid, June 2008, 1st edition. Origin of transsexuality 1.2. Transsexuality concept 2.2. Transsexuality as a mental health problem 1.2. Diagnostic evaluation and differential diagnosis 1.4. Surgical interventions 1.6. The necessary capacity in the process of sexual reassignment 1.7. Minors before medical treatment 1.8. Confidentiality and duty doctor to keep secret 1.9. The diligent development of medical treatment 2. The problematic public financing of sexual reassignment surgery in the case of transsexuality 2.2. State of the matter in the Autonomous Communities. The right to gender identity and its constitutional foundation 1.2. The regulation of the legal-civil aspects of transsexuality 1.3. The term "rectification" versus "modification" of sex 2. The non-requirement of surgery for sexual reassignment 2.5. The exemption from the accreditation of requirements for people who had already undergone surgery for sexual reassignment 2.6. Other requirements not required by Law 3 2007 2.7. The question of the irreversibility in the process of accommodation to the physical characteristics of the sex claimed 3. The new way of the governmental record. The procedure in particular 4. Registration publicity until Law 3 2007 4.2 Registration advertising in accordance with art. Constitutive effects ex nunc 5.2. The family relationships of the transsexual 5.3. The exercise of the rights inherent in their new condition. Interdisciplinary study of transsexualism. The current problematic of transsexualism, and the legal solutions brought to it by judges and legislators, serves as a plot to internalize the multidimensional reality of sexual identity. Origin and development of sexual identity. I. Biological aspects of sexual determination and differentiation. Heterosexual origin of the human person. Sociopsychological aspects of sexual identity. V. Sociopsychological alterations of sexual identity. The family member of the person and their sexual identity. Anthropological-philosophical dimension. Human person and sexuated condition. Transsexualism and legal criteria to determine the sexual identity of people. The United Kingdom and the biological criterion. X. Spain and the socio-psychological criterion. The right as a field of struggle: sexual orientation and gender identity. In this opportunity we will limit ourselves to commenting on the first and last article as they are in direct relation with the trans population, but we urge you to review the publication as a whole. This case showed the impossibility of people, even having made a reassignment of sex, to obtain a legal document in which their new identity is recognized. Cristian Olivera begins his article with a definition of what is meant by hate crime, specifically referring to homicides for reasons of sexual orientation or gender identity. The homicides would therefore be rather a product of heteronormativity taken to the extreme. It would also be counterproductive to identify hate crimes as a phobia because these are part of the assumptions of unlawfulness that would take responsibility away from the aggressor. It should stop considering homophobia as a pathology to refer to it as a cultural practice, until a more adequate term is reached and that it can have consensus in different disciplines. Likewise, a campaign is necessary that argues the importance of typifying hate crimes based on sexual orientation or gender identity, mainly aimed at justice operators and the press. We welcome the emergence of this book that will be a very useful instrument in the legal field to counteract and revise the laws that govern us today and which unfortunately continue to perpetuate discriminatory practices. Discrimination due to sexual orientation and gender identity in Spanish law. Editorial Ministry of Labor. Without wanting to be exhaustive, the most significant documents and decisions emanating from international agencies and tribunals have been collected. Index: I. Discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. The principle of non-discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in the legislation and jurisprudence of the International organizations. Discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in the legislation and jurisprudence of Spain. The application of the principle of non-discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in the criminal sphere. Sexual orientation and gender identity in the workplace. Assumptions of discrimination in the field of health. Sexual orientation and gender identity. The less understood rights. The rights to health, autonomy and free choice of life. Homosexual marriage and adoption. Its inclusion in this bibliography is due to the fact that it contains 2 chapters with more than 100 pages. in which it deals exclusively with transsexuality. Discrimination and sexual orientation of the worker. Differences in treatment based on the sexual orientation of people can be reflected in the workplace. The study closes with the treatment of discrimination based on sexual orientation from the perspective of human rights within the framework of globalization: pluralism and minimum standards. A normative and jurisprudential Annex on the subject is incorporated. Annex of the main laws in force. Statement of a purpose of maxims for a future legal forecast "Ad hoc Law". Transsexuality, jurisprudence and legal argumentation. This novel and abundantly documented work presents an initial study on the historical influence of sex on the ability to act of the person. To subsequently build, from art. 10 of our Constitution, the right of the transsexual to its sexual identity, contemplating its regulation in comparative law. It also contains an extensive study of the legal repercussions and the problems posed by the registry rectification of sex of the transsexual in all branches of Law. With a special treatment to the incidence of the registry change of sex in Family Law. Contribution to the study of transsexuality. Collection: Practical Jurisprudence. Embryology, physiology and basic anatomy of external genitalia. Increase and lengthening phalloplasty. Congenital penis incurvation. Necrosis of the external male genital organs. Traumatism of the external genital organs. Surgical treatment of the avulsive trauma of the penis, scrotum and perineum. Most frequent tumors in male external genitalia. Simplified method for thickening and lengthening the penis. Genes of sex determination. Diagnosis and treatment of intersexual states. Epispadias and exstrophy of the bladder. Current concepts in the management of hypospadias. Other aspects in the surgical treatment of male sexual impotence. Surgical and prosthetic methods as coadjuvant treatments in erectile dysfunction. Surgical treatment for sex reassignment in generic identity disorders. Surgical management of female sexual differentiation disorders and gynecological and reconstructive aesthetic surgery. Female genital aesthetic surgery. Congenital anomalies of the vagina. Other aspects. Surgical technique for correction: colpoperineorrafia. Reconstruction of congenital and acquired defects of the female genitals Hypertrophy of the labia minora. Cosmetic surgery of female external genitalia. Reductive labiaplasty of labia minora. Non-infectious diseases of the genital area. Vaginal reconstruction with flaps. The answer for the majority means the commitment of his whole life. And one of the first adjectives we have to face is sex and gender. And this discovery is usually the beginning of a long road of reidentification full of difficulties. This is a polyphonic book about gender identity. Both hospitals have become benchmarks for health care for these people. Transsexuality: the search for an identity. The transsexual is not a transvestite, it is transgender; it does not disguise itself of the opposite sex, it feels like belonging to the opposite sex. Since childhood, his mental identity is different from his genital identity. That is why they seek to adapt their body to the sex that they feel they belong to. In this book all these considerations are presented, transsexuality is analyzed from many points of view, with several specialists of recognized prestige that enrich the approach of this phenomenon and do justice on how to approach it. Disorders of gender identity. Clinical guide for diagnosis and treatment. Working group on gender identity disorders. Vitoria: Department of Health. Evaluation of health technologies, 1999. Science allows to modify the sexual appearance of the body; In general, the law does not oppose the change of marital status. Many seem even to see in transsexualism a logical stage in the liberation of the customs, after the feminine emancipation or the social recognition of the homosexuality. A psychoanalyst tries to answer these questions here. The author traces the history of transsexualism, analyzes concrete testimonies of transsexuals, also calls for law and anthropology. Very illuminating, this approach finally allows to better understand the phenomenon, but also to measure its risks. Gender manufacture, erasure of sex. The unavailability of the state of the person: sex and right. Structural clinic of transsexualism: transsexuals and transsexualists. For a reasoned treatment of transsexualism. It is necessary to take seriously the difficulty with which each one faces to orient himself in what Lacan designates as "the field of enjoyment". From a precise study of the Freudian and Lacanian theses on sexual difference, solutions are deduced to the aporias of gender theory, and an attempt is made to formulate a theory of sexuation, conceived as a prolonged and complex process for both sexes. The reflection then focuses on the problem of psychosis. The rejection of phallic significance, specific to these cases, leads certain subjects to invent an unprecedented support for their sexuation. Frequently, a trend towards feminization plays a preponderant role. In this framework, several clinical cases are elaborated. The aim of this book is to show in which aspects the psychoanalytic clinic of psychosis clarifies sexual ambiguity and extract the corresponding consequences for sexuation. I. Sex for science and for psychoanalysis. Reproduction and death: the subject between medicine and psychoanalysis. Sexuation: the classifying thought does not exhaust the question. Phallic function, symptom function. V. Analytical anatomy: the three times of sexuation. Transsexualism and sexual classification. Push-to-the-woman and sexuation clinic. Finally, from autobiographies of transsexuals, it deconstructs the argumentative operations by which those texts seek to reconstruct their authors in the sex that they claim. In this sense the notion of "Choice" is an integral part of psychoanalysis. Essay on transsexualism. The desire of the Other is no longer veiled; the verdict falls: that is made operate. The Other wants his actual castration. Finding a response to the enigma of the Other's desire, and a response that places it as its object, does not cease to euphoria. But there is always a rest, and transsexuals give proof of this. When from the label proposed to a subject has been defined as transsexual, in a certain sense the question is closed. He has chosen to give up keeping open the question of his desire. In a certain way, he has renounced his own desire, to consecrate himself in the future to the enjoyment of the Other, for the greater glory of Science. This work offers a rigorous study on the repression and discrimination of homosexuals and transsexuals during the Franco regime presenting the researches of the most recognized experts in this field as well as testimonies of the protagonists of this shameful persecution. It is a compilation of the presentations contained in the Seminar Index Index: 1. Francoism and repression, a general vision, by Fernando Olmeda 4. The persecution of homosexuality under Nazism, by Jean le Bitoux 5. Lesbian invisibility in the Francoism, by Thais Morales 8. The gay movement during the Franco dictatorship, by Armand de Fluvià 12. A critical study by Judith Butler. The comparative empirical study approaches the British and Spanish transgender group as informants of the processes of adaptation to the gender norms of all members of society. Transsexuality, intersexuality and gender duality. Edicions Bellaterra: Barcelona, ​​2008, 1st edition. That in Spain, "Law 3 2007, of March 15" allowed the recognition of its legal substantivity. On the other hand, it is argued against the biomedical model that recognizes transsexuality as "gender identity disorder". The disorder, as a result, is psychiatry and labeled as "gender dysphoria". With the consequent stigmatizing burden for the trans person to consider and treat their identity as a mental disorder. The author moves away from that medical invention and advocates for the de-psychiatry of transsexuality and transgender. Similarly, a social interpretative itinerary of intersexuality allows the intersexual reality to not be encrusted in the narrow walls that are limited by the clinic. In this sense, the author opts for a moratorium on surgical intervention until the intersexual person can decide for himself. Ultimately, a utopian aspiration - and as controversial as possible - is questioned that questions the static gender binary system and, in turn, allows the debate of the sense of its perpetuity. Sexual minorities and sociology of difference: gay, lesbian and transgender before the identity debate. This is a European best-seller, not published in Spanish for now. It has been one of the first autobiographies written. The maid wanted to be a sailor. The present study, based on 119 well documented cases of female transvestism, is the first of its kind. His inclusion in this bibliography is because it contains the biography of some transsexual transvestite. Divine sex: hermaphroditic gods, bisexual and travestidos in Classical Antiquity. Pandora Collection, nº 3: Madrid, 1999. Between 1600 and 1800 the great stars of the opera were singers of hybrid sex, men by birth, women by castration. They formed in the music conservatories of Naples, from where they went out to sing to the great theaters of Europe, achieving wins and awakening passions. Warriors, shamans and transvestites. Indices of homosexuality among the exotic. The Transvestites and the sex changes. Examination of intermediate sexual states: transsexualism, transvestism, bisexualism. Description of cases of sex transformations. Norah Vincent wanted to know how the life of men really was. Many women are more than convinced that, for men, everything is easier. That's what Norah did, trying to discover for herself if things were so in reality, and in what they did not marry our preconceptions. So, over the course of eighteen months, he was passed through a man. A fascinating, original, and often fun, chronicle of a long journey through the masculine world. Bodies enclosed, emancipated bodies. Travestis in the former criminal García Moreno. This is a subject that is just forging its foundations and the academic contributions are vital since they enrich our way of facing the events that surround us. Report on the situation of the transvestite community in Argentina. It shows the hard itinerary that those who adopt an identity contrary to the socially expected. However, each one of the sufferings therein outlined is opposed with the daily fight of a collective willing to remove stereotypes and fight for full access to citizenship. Naked transvestites: homosexuality, identities and territorial struggles in Colima. The second level illustrates the ways in which gay transvestites worked in certain spaces and through the use of jargon and some dramaturgies. With these levels of analysis the author seeks to present how the gay identity of the transvestite is constructed. Cross-dressing and gender identity. Her appearance unleashed political and theoretical debates, questioned the categories of gender and sexual identity and generated controversies within the feminist movement. However, the analysis of this problem is still vacant: there are few works that reflect on this phenomenon and its roots. Disobedient bodies opens new paths for the understanding of transvestism. It is a landmark work that invites discussion of a topic that Argentine society has left pending. Visible Cultural Association, 2007. Discouragement of the warrior: representations of masculinity in the art of the 80s and 90s. I. Cultural studies and theories about gender and masculinity. 1. Michel Foucault: history, genealogy and technologies of subjectivity. 6. Cultural discursivity and meat. 8.Norma, dysfunctionality and masochism. 9. Theories about the representation of the image of man. II.Representations of masculinity in the art of the 80s and 90s. 2. Fundamental expositions about masculinity. lit; Carrillo Castillo, Jesus ed. And also with the experiences of their models. There are 3 volumes, this being the second of them, dedicated exclusively to the MtF world. It comes in 4 different formats. Bodies photographed by Cameron I. There are 3 volumes, this being the first one, dedicated exclusively to the FTM world. It comes in 4 different formats. Masculinity and representation. They are an advertising invention of the consumer society. One more image of physical and behavioral stereotypes imposed on us. Up to our time, this structuring has rarely been questioned, but the development of today's society has demonstrated the invalidity of this behavioral criterion. A classic for the third millenium. The exhibition aimed to celebrate diversity in sexual matters and break down barriers through the visions of 25 artists, who captured their perceptions of affective relationships in formats such as video, photography, sculpture and installation. Transgeneric @ s. Representations and experiences on gender, society and sexuality in contemporary Spanish art. Style versus fashion in a short century. The adventure of the androgynous is the subject of this book. The concept of Fetish, expensive to Marxism and psychoanalysis, and a reflection on the style as autonomous of fashion lead us to examine the pluridirectional power of the erotic. Transvestism and identity in art Irudi Lausotua. Trabestismoa eta Identitatea Artean. Eternal ideals, new gender strategies. It studies its ideological function and the problems it poses within the framework of the struggle of the feminist movement. It can not be considered as a traditional book in the domain of the history of art, but it supposes renovating points of view for this discipline. The woman dressed as a man in the Spanish theater. An exhaustive study on the Spanish theater of the Golden Age and one of the most characteristic themes of this theater: the 'disguised' of man, for whatever reason, from the burlesque to the most groundbreaking. It was the collectives and associations of transsexuals that almost three decades ago began the social and political struggle until the law recognized their identity. Transsexuals, transvestites and transvestites. Discover some facts that will give you the essential keys to understand how unusual characters lived with their triumphs and failures in a constant challenge to the most overflowing imagination. The incredible story of Dr. Faber. This is another edition, similar to the following, of the many that have taken place on the story of the Alferez Nun. Apart from these two editions, there are others. His life has been recreations, comedies, zarzuelas, movies and unlimited works of all types and genres. Basque by birth, he spent much of his life in American lands, performing different trades and participating in military actions. When he returned to Spain, his fame was already considerable on both sides of the Atlantic. Although his story is presented through an autobiographical I, we do not know if it was she who wrote it, if another person wrote it under his dictation or if a third was documented about the story and narrated some facts in which the fable lends an obvious service to history. Published posthumously in 1862 after having circulated for years as a prohibited commodity. Consciousness of a singular desire. See chapter 5: Transgression to power! At sixteen, the delicate teenager kills his father in self defense. Fascinating and chilling testimony of his personal situation within the three repressive regimes he had to live: his father, the Nazi and the communist. Editorial Messenger: Bilbao, 1976. He lived as a man, but also as a woman, because he got married and had children. His life was for a time like that of many men in full colonization of the American plains. A clinic of sexual ambiguity. Reflections on the intersex question, Vera Gorali. The myth of the androgyne, Raquel Garcés. An approach for the subjects to decide who they want to be, Laila Berliner. The hermaphrodite does not exist, but Sophie Caussil is spoken of without shame. Filmography, documentaries and animation about intersexuality, transsexualism and transvestism. Monsters, ostentatious and hermaphrodites. Editorial University of Granada. An approach to human thinking in the face of congenital anomalies, which raises the ambiguous correlation between malformation and the order of life. The evolution of sexuality and intersexual states. Chapter of transsexuality written by Gooren. Index: The evolution of sexuality and intersexual states: at sixty-seven years of a fundamental book. The anti-Müllerian hormone receptor. Cellular mechanisms in cerebral sexual differentiation. Marañón, transgressor of his time. Three social aspects of sexuality. Sexual characteristics and their classification. The sexual endocrine system in men and women. The influence of sex, sexual orientation and sex hormones on human cognitive function. Sexual dimorphism in the synaptic connectivity of the cerebral cortex. Protogynia and protandria: genetic determinism and sexual differentiation. Male and female puberty. Neuroendocrine bases of human sexuality. Biological aspects of sexual orientation. Ethiogenetic aspects of homosexuality and transsexuality. The intersexual disposition: origin of diversity. Transsexualism: twenty years of experience. The feminizing testicle syndrome. Polycystic ovary syndrome. Hermaphroditism, genital anomalies and related endocrine disorders. Editorial Latinoamericana, 1953. At birth erroneously assigned to the female sex, later it will be assigned to the male sex, but not before provoking a controversial and intense public debate. Barbin ended up committing suicide some time later. Probably, that you have to open them. But not to get out of the box office and shoving those who for fear or comfort there were hidden, but to know a long history of 3,000 years and prieta of characters as fascinating as contradictory. And that trip becomes the perfect excuse to meditate on matters as different as love and heartbreak or hormonal controls that athletes must pass. Joan of Arc: the art of jousting, now and then. Gay swordsmen: five thousand years of fencing. George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham: pioneer in the breeding of racehorses. Alberto Santos-Dumont: the «father of aviation». Amelia Earhart: the "weird girl" of aerial competitions. Bill Tilden: the reinventor of men's tennis. Babe Didrickson Zaharias: the amazona golfer of the film news. Tamara and Irina Press: rise and decline of genetic tests in the Olympic Games. Erik Schinegger: an intersexual epic in alpine skiing. Wilhelm von Homburg: the bad boy of boxing. John Damien is riding for the last time. Diana Nyad: diva of the marathon by swimming. Martina Navratilova: enduring tennis icon. David Kopay: a football pioneer who looks forward. Hermaphroditism, intersexes and other stories: experiences of a surgeon. Editor: Editions l'Albí, June 2005. Currently, despite the fact that the practice of sex has undergone a total shift, the author continues to miss a well-directed and rational sexual culture. In these stories there are pieces of life of all colors, because our Self is complex and polyhedral and is printed in every human act. Herculine Barbin related his short life in terms of the avatars that the anatomical malformation of his "reproductive system" gave him. At the same time, he will be able to situate what Jacques Lacan called "sexual opacity". Collection: The Tree of Paradise, 23. The scandalous enigma of an original bisexuality, both among the gods and among men, has brought archetypal dramas and images over the centuries, thus creating the universal androgynous myth. Prohibited history of bisexuality. With pleasant and simple language, it aims to give a few touches of the human bisexual nature, that is, intersexual. And it includes some data on changes of sex had. This lucid essay constitutes a great challenge for scientific research, the creation of a social policy and the future of feminist and gender theory. From readings and readers Undo the genre. The book supposes a rethinking of his initial thought on the performativity of the genre in The Gender in Dispute. In this work, the critique of gender norms is clearly within the framework of human tenacity and survival. The author writes about the "new politics of gender" that emerged in recent years, a combination of movements interested in transgender, transsexuality, intersex and their complex relationships with feminist theory and queer theory. The axis of evil is heterosexual. Editorial Traficantes de Sueños, nº 8, 2005. This book emerged from a series of encounters where we problematized both the concept and queer theories and practices, and analyzed their relationships, agreements and disagreements with other feminist, occupational and gay and lesbian movements. This book is indebted to these discussions and to a particular vision of the political: we wanted to reclaim the trans and the Inter. Wittig does not analyze "heterosexuality" in the sense of sexual practices, but as a political regime. The heterocentric device consists of a plurality of discourses on so-called "human" sciences that produce and establish heteronormas in terms of sex, gender and filiation. An important novelty of this essay is that it will also face the current of traditional feminism, which had promoted identification with "the woman", and with "the feminine" to the detriment of other issues posed by lesbians. Bolleras, maricas, trans, mestizas policies. This book gives an account of the complexity of this movement, which has not been alien to the socio-political reality of the movements of queers, bolleras and transsexuals of the Spanish state. It presents a historical and epistemological introduction to queer theory, and to the works carried out in Spain in recent years. It proposes the debate about our places in the houses, in the daily life, in the reality from day to day. Revolution in the squares and in the houses. Genders, sexualities and subjectivities. A look from Psychology. Urgent response to Ratzinger's letter to the bishops. Collection: Gender and Culture, nº11, 2003. Judith Butler, takes both budgets and submits them to debate to understand how that which was excluded from the proper sphere of "sex" has a disturbing return that radically affects the symbolic horizon according to the which some bodies matter more than others. On this occasion, Butler continues the reflection begun in The Gender in Dispute over the Performative Character of Sexuality and Gender and reconsiders his own contributions to critical and feminist theory during the last decade. In this way, it problematizes the categories of identity and mobilizes its political scope, placing itself at the center of the debates of feminist theory and queer politics. Bodies that matter thus become an indispensable and original work to understand the symbolic and material plots of the culture of the present. With constant references to the impact of these debates on the study of literature, this work constitutes the ideal introduction to a complex and controversial subject and a springboard to advanced literary and cultural studies. Feminism and the subversion of identity. Collection: Gender and society. It is a good contribution to address the theoretical foundation on which the author is based to defend genealogy as a science and its relationship with sexology. Sex-gender system, identities and construction of subjectivity. Madrid: Pyramid Psychology, 1998. With this book aims to define the field of a new discipline called generology. Barcelona: Ariel Psychology, 1998. It is undoubtedly a useful theoretical and methodological guide to get into the study of gender. Similarities and differences of the double reality of sex and gender. Madrid: Pyramid Psychology, June 1996. In response to this interest arises this work that satisfies, at least in part, these felt and expressed needs, with a guarantee of academic rigor. In addition, it will favor the different types of individuals within a society that tries to impose certain patterns of sex and gender. Ontogeny of sexual differentiation. Sexual differentiation of the brain. Sexual identity and gender identification. The development of sex as a variable stimulus during childhood. The evolution of gender during childhood. The biological changes in adolescence. Sexual and gender redefinition. Gonadal functioning in adulthood. Sexuation processes and gender implications in the adult stage. Sexual and gender realization: psychosocial implications. Physiological aspects of climacteric and menopause. Sexual and gender readjustment in old age. Body and gender from the Greeks to Freud. Differentiation and dimorphism in gender identity. However, the mechanisms from which the chromosomes condition the sexual dimorphism are overcome by later investigations, although these are not yet revealed in their entirety. Another common mistake is to identify gender with sex and, therefore, believe that it is a dual concept. This book highlights the fallacy of both statements and opens the intellectual horizon to new interpretations and research methodologies that move away from traditional stereotypes. Sex and temperament in three primitive societies. This discovery in its day shed new light on the crisis of the personality of contemporary men and women, which the author examines based on the results of their research. Atlas of human sexual behavior. Sexuality and sexual practices in the world. A natural history of homosexuality. To finish, the work analyzes anti-homosexual discrimination and the appearance of the gay pride movement. At the same time rigorous and entertaining, this book tells us in an extremely vivid way the fundamental things you have to know about the biology and history of homosexuality and transsexuality. Human sexuality: study and historical perspective. It constitutes a clarifying work in relation to the study of sexuality from a diachronic perspective, in which the most relevant events related to human sexuality and its study are identified. The legal construction of gender, sex and sexuality. The practices of assisted procreation, the ever controversial issue of voluntary abortion, or the repeated cases of sexual violence continue to trouble public opinion today. Around this core of problems, a legal debate is constructed in which philosophical and sociological reflections of diverse orientation converge. The right in gender and gender in law. With this common horizon, the series of articles that we present here cover the path that goes from the interrogation on the question of identity to the analysis of the discriminatory practices of jurisprudence. As a theoretical reflection that supports and frames the discussion of political and legal practices, some of the authors also offer a review of feminist thought. Gender differences in health and disease. On these the environment is puncturing different psychological and behavioral aspects conceptualizing, thus, the difference between sex and gender. Sex is biological, gender is cultural. Simone de Beauvoir wrote that "one does not come into the world as a woman, but as a woman, one becomes one". We believe that one comes to the world as a male or as a female, but becomes male or female after the constitution of the male or female biopsychosocial universe, which we try to address in this work. We are different and we complement each other to have equal rights and opportunities. Cultural attributions must be interchangeable and plastic. Only union and communion are needed. In the meeting of the sexes the whole is always more than two. Introduction to the difference between sex and gender. Neurobiological and anthropological aspects of sexual differentiation. Gender differences in comparative mythologies: nothing and everything. Neurobiological aspects of the evolution of the human brain. Hormones and differential evolution 6. Psychoneuroimmunoendocrinology: the whole is more than the sum of the parts 7. Limbic cortex axis hypothalamus gonadal female hippoid 8. Limbic cortical axis hypothalamus gonadal male gonadal 9. Limbic adipose axis limbic hypothalamus gonadal hypophysis 10. Other axes with gonadal influence 11, Gender differences in adolescence 12. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder 17. Psychopathology in pregnancy and puerperium 18. Stress, resilience and acrimony 21. Gender differences in neurological diseases 22. Gender differences in psychiatric illnesses 23. Gender considerations in criminology 24. Gender considerations in artificial intelligence 25. Gender differences in art and in the art of healing 26. Gender differences converging, condensed, conclusive and conclusive as conclusions Sex, brain and gender. Differences and equality horizon. Humans enrich these dimensions and confirm or mitigate divergences by working culturally on equality projects. The present text studies the panorama of these processes starting, mainly, from the genetic and neurobiological bases. Sexuality, from its initially biological mechanisms of differentiation and attraction, is examined in relation to its neurobiological and social references, in the perspective of the human adventure presided over by the liberating and egalitarian passion that slowly imposes itself. Organisms, tributaries of genes? Variability of the genetic system. Evolution of the genetic determination of sex in vertebrates and panoramic vision in relation to other systems. The primary sexual differentiation in humans. Basic hormonal differentiation. Genetics and its epigenetic deployment. Examples by way of illustration. Human behaviors in an evolutionary perspective. Hormones of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Symmetry and asymmetry in nature. Hemispheric lateralization in animals. Anatomical hemispheric dysimetry in humans. Functional hemispheric asymmetries in humans. Ontogeny of lateralization. Models of sexual brain differentiation in animals. Sexual cerebral dimorphism in humans. Differences in the ways of processing information in male or female brains. Valuations and interpretations of neuropsychological sexual differences. The strategies of the pairing and mating systems. The infrastructures of human pairing. The "hominizing" destabilization. Avoidance and prohibition of incest: structuring of exogamy. Role of biology in human homosexuality. Intersexuality, transsexuality and transvestism. Sexual behavior as a multifactorial, complex and "fractal" model. An impressive story of contempt. The causes of the marginalization of the female gender. Project and educational activity. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. You are commenting using your Google+ account. Cancel Connecting to% s Notify me of new comments by email.

This correspondence was requested by a family member of Fogwill. I wanted to buy this correspondence. This correspondence was requested by his current biographer. He is a friend of a person with whom I shared work, roof and I am united by a friendship and a blind trust. I consulted him about the biographer and he told me it was a kind of law. I gave him the key to Elsa Kalish's account and that he would take everything out, that if he used it, he would use it and throw it away. This selection is from your biographer. It belonged to Elsa Kalish who is dead. And to Fogwill who is also dead. If I have a value or not this crossing of words I do not know. And if it's nobody's... it belongs to everyone Fogwill and my grandmother. There are thoughts that move looking for the sick nerve, the core of the pain and when they find it they dig into it. His intelligence and lucidity opens like a flower in the sun, there, right there, when they find the root of the rotten tooth and sink their painful instruments into rot. Each one of them knew how to be unbearable like a decayed tooth. With different poetics and ways that do not equal each other, each one of them in their most memorable moments knew how to embody the annoying task of thinking without a network that painfully resists thinking. F - In Argentina memories and biographies are quickly compost that nourishes the balance and offers trays. The problem is that the person is "taken care of", they try to give a human form from a photoshop that turns it into a caricature. Bioy is dead and the character of the newspaper is disproportionate. But that is seen as treason. For me it is a gesture of love and to take the matter seriously. F - Talk and think in Argentina without beginning to evaluate if what is going to speak and think affects a friend or enemy and if that is positive or negative it dyes everything of babbles and tirades that nobody ends up believing and bored. F - Fogwill is being monumentalized. Which has nothing to do with thinking or reading it with love. Fogwill is a new wax doll in the museum of culture. If it's good, what he did will survive that as Sarmiento or Borges. F - Fogwill was a person who knew how to listen. Hence the supposed fear that generated in some. Hence the supposed evil that could be exercised over others. Listening and speaking frankly are not legal tender coins. F - He had a solid academic background and was a poet. I say this because your income came from marketing and advertising. What does poetry have to do with advertising? What business marketing has to do with a relentless pulse critic political and its dark scenes. I guess that opened it up hurt and broken enough. Because he was a poet and he was not a fool, he knew that his brilliant advertising career or business services were a shit. F - Fogwill always said everything? Only the decayed tooth often touches the core of the pain that refuses to be thought and that produces the impression that it is capable of saying everything. But no, the decayed tooth has the virtue of putting words to pain that you do not want to see or pronounce. aaaaa read the whole fight Milian nielsen and company for some time that was not discussed something concrete in the world of letters no? that is, what is that of the municipal prizes of coca Sarli? kisses elsa bay city April 6 It was good you "masturbate". You stole everything I did about the piglia case without realizing that the best thing about my dossier is the rescue of the Zeiger wipe. That would have to have been the axis of the comment. Now I touch the straw presiestita. But as nope I have pictures, I imagine a tuirkite from Romania, a little hairy and slug. April 6 Subject: Are you getting old or did you really like the magazine? What is the straw in the afternoon? but for its commitment to the facvoir of cynicism. The terro de alan is that I made it known to him six months before, by means of Gastón the beautiful and good-. But it does not give you the head for so much. For example, it is unsophisticated to complain about the price of heavy Benjamin. And it is fat to respect Ferrer; a good guy who works as a professional anarchist. April 6 Subject: in all I can not be daddy who is gaston and who herralde? You must be an undercover agent of the Jews and the Chileans to steal Patagonia Elsita, my wife knows that I'm being jerked off. Not how much or with what subject, but he knows it and he sure overestimates the quantity. Never more than one per day and very early, it will not be something that after an emergency and does not play good role. In any case, he approves it while he does not make noise or shout things towards the end. He knows that it is part of the prophylaxis against prostate cancer recommended by urologists and also Osho. Gaston is the brother of the anal whom I saw in the party of the movie of mihija in which he acts. When I found out half I was outraged, because the call of the herralde prize, until that year, proposed em "escrow method". The macana is that book was not anonymous: fragments circulated then by Internet, attributed to a novel by Pauls called "Ex". I used Gastón and everyone in the cocktail as a "mailbox" of my secret. Herralde is the owner of Anagrama: a scoundrel who dominates the Spanish press. Alan signed and added the signature of his obscene conchug in the requested scoundrel who speaks of a "campaign" being that the only ones we opened our mouths was Nielsen -for obvious reasons-. and I, out of indignation against Nielsen's underestimation, that he is a better storyteller than he is. Nielsen has at least four good stories. Piglia, at best, two or three. When I went to the facu, alan's mom paid him courses with Piglia because he wanted me to be a writer. What happens is that this is confidential, because sooner or later it ends up writing about "the past" and I do not want to encourage a controversy before the text is finished and circulates. If you want to do quilombo, I'm helping you. Unlike the other, the source of these questions can be quoted. Ah.. eye that Zeiger is not bad critic. In fact, it is the only legible of the p12 squad. You could become the Sandra Russo of the years 2010.. A russo wins, by column, the same as voice for the thousands of pan flutes you move in a month. Speaking of month: when does it come? Moving on to another topic, you see that you are crazy, you mistreat a Christian, and you vindicate me as a critic of Zeiger, but as a writer, he is terrible when he comes to me? But he is a great guy despite the evil companies he tends to choose. You would burn the most powerful and fpalica of your ships. However: Be courteous and do not forget to praise some text. The man is a little depressed. All the fucking fruit can be sent in a couple of months. Habrpa mas: cherries, kiwis and sandiacalada to morph. I think you will come on Sunday. If you want, save me the little tricks. I am a troesma doing helice to enrrllármemelos in the language without touching them with the fingers because they give me a little bit of disgust. In another email I send you a copy of what you send to Clarin telling another part of the story: the prize was semitrucho. Returning to cajetas; luck with your reglay do not mess with the sahabiyé, as Martin Gambarotta wrote. Speaking of poets: I found the fourth report of Casas to be the fourth. He is half bulky, but the interviewers, totally boludos. He is a great poet and you can only see his resentment and lack of lucidity. April 7 Subject: mail from my girl in Clarin another humiliation more! I consulted the woman of the Sec. The employees of the bank were very kind, but they seem trained for frauds of this type. Without a document, I had to wait for the security man to make several calls to the parent company. Fifteen minutes later they called me, they apologized to me, they returned the document, and recommended that I try my luck in the course of the next week because the account of the national awards had not yet been constituted in the bank. Shortly after, without money, but from my house, I called the treasury of the subsoil of the Palace of Culture where a very courteous official apologized and attributed the problem to that had not yet disposed of the required fodos. Other questions Could not they have warned? Off the record: Nun is another asshole. and what is the sarlo involved? to see me order things a little bit because I know what is coming - I promise that when I come, I'll tell you - has these municipal prizes something to do with pauls in anagram? Cris gave it to me, and gave me a kiss, I told her I was pretty in my ear. I had perfumed my right temple with a perfume that ruled me in the freeshop of ezeiza, which has jusot smell of clean cock. The twine was not in the bank either today. What I already have is the life pension and the Pami card. Elk perfume is acqua for men by armani. It looks like that of the clean goys, because without a foreskin, the glade is very odorless and insepable. Let's see if you see the photo on your yahoo. for something it will be also and there was also in the trup fogwill an old lady who was she? kisses elsa the old mine is a cousin of my dad of 84 years, who is rotten in twine and goes to all the events where I go or Laiseca. Graduated in nilogia of exact and sharp in the 40's, that is, in the era in which it was studied and the lyrics did not make the straw. Do you also have vul cancer? April 10 Subject: I send you photo-summary in miniature to see if it now enters you. Run the tampon backwards and upwards. The lower middle class does not take the rule. But I think it's because they do not have spare sheets. my little old lady does not use email, and be proud. I think he's right April 11 Without a word, I looked at Chapter 1 on the screen again and it seemed clear to me. Leela, who is about to leave in Argentina. Confididfencialmente, when the semester begins, they will have to live outside on the internet. No wonder that Hope refused to download interntet things. She has just signed with her husband, already out of term, the request of intellectuals in favor of Schavelzon and in disservice to piglia. As I did not believe it, I called them to tell them about the canallkada of the rumor, but they confided to me. that in fact, for them "Schavelzon is a gentleman" and represents Cohen, so I proceeded to send them to the whore who gave birth to them. Likewise, I will give you a granada of salvo for the next number. I do not differentiate between the rabbi and germàn. To think that I was his friend 35 years ago.. They are, like all the Lacanian scoundrels, two encanallecidos by the Ethos Burcràtico francès. Take advantage today to make you fill milk without danger. On the other hand Rabinovich never passed shame publishing bad novels, only he dedicated himself to the sujo. And good, phallic avatars, surely if it had not been like that today there would not be Lacanian psychoanalysis. And sure on Friday when I leave the facu I go to your house, type 9. Bye What your friend calls "clinics for annalists" is mere fiction franco Freudian psychology: people who know nothing about "psi" or philosophy. Saussure saplings and guesses at first sight. The worst thing is that these people charge and have their clientele entertained, making him believe that there is a direction of the cure. The error of the Lacan was not administrative: it is conceptual and it is repeated in all these ventriloquists bad cojidas. And in the frauds as Germàn- lo imporetante of the relatives is 1) if they have twine and 2) if they are good. I can not stand the Lacanian monothemics. They speak in phrases, they do not let them think and they live badly. Admàs, to me the rubbers interest me only for cars. What is going on is living outside zipiado. It is the draft version, before correction. It should not differ much from the edited. I think what you can do is put it in a cyber of the factultad so, during the month of May, you can download it for free to diskette. Anything, you have to say that it was passed to you by a lawyer of the author. This displacement towards minor genres does not betray the Proustian project that promised the title and the first chapters of the book? Fragments of the novel circulated with the title "Ex" in some Internet pages. When the prize was resolved, a press release from Anagrama announced that the winning novel had been presented with the pseudonym Vocoder, which might allude to that "sound effect that can make a human voice sound synthetic. Months before the award was given, it was Fogwill himself who announced that "Ex" would be the winner. In that case, you were not afraid of getting involved in a Planeta-Piglia misunderstanding. It is understood that the campaigns have an author and an objective: could you give us a clue about who encouraged that campaign, and with what purpose do you think they acted? When Chohen asked for explanations, I throw him out of the meeting and shoved him out of the door and knocked him out. Nobody defended poor Cohen. Nobody defended the signer- Confirm the data. April 22 Subject: chuda chuda: ter I write because they go two days that you did not raise me. The editor was the owner of the editorial Paginas de Espuma. Alan mo was; Your bizarre woman either. ginzburg to say what he wants: he has the right, because he really did. For the centimetraje of work and circulation, would not change anything, èl. The professor is wrong: Nielsen is autÃgeno and ingenious. Surely in letters nobody writes like him. I have the bellows like two rotten otes. To Clarin's girl leave her in Peace. If you want to put my opinions, I do not object. I have the worst opinion on the current administration of culture and Nun knows it. That in the current state of the budget, Culture must be dismantled explicitly and not by pure inanition. That there is to sell that absurd Palace, to which the Secretaries proudly call "palace" that is in ruins and has the administrative staff working in the basement. That the famous patriomonio, habr`pia to finish it before they finish stealing him the Glusbergs that go queuing waiting for their opportunity. You save your bread: learn the trade. And I sent you copy of the mail saying that as the lining never responded, I was allowed to publish it. What a hell you are: Where did you get that I wrote for Pacho? I spoke for the psychiatrists, I did not write for pacho. When you die tell Esteban: the only male who does not know your truth April 29 Subject: what I plajié? If I know that I pay you very well for that conference, it is for the simple reason that I heard you say it to you papurri where you heard me? How could it be that I did not fall in love instantly and did not take it and forget me right away? a single straw for love of God! Yes, although with the pieces Did you go already? to see the profe filigranatti in front of this situation that I would recommend? The teacher would remember the biblical law: "pariras with pain and pajearàs with selfless devotion" Or with devout abnegation. Or with pink velvet booties and silk lining. Tuy cyber is crap: the emails come to me multiply by three- And that seems a chat rum of stutterers. How was it not that you were jerking off by the Osho recommendation in the afternoon? If you want, send him, besides the steering wheel, that doubt of mine. the kisses you want to see you at night -we'll be at 18 in the redhead: se.ba You abbas sebas expresses badly and your question is not understood. The same thing happens with most of the texts of El Intgerpretador, their narrative projects and their verses. Not to mention the forum: it is a toilet of weak hearts. The only legible is that of the Kalish, poor little worker. And not because of what he says but because of the strength of those who want to arrive. Jewess of lower middle class, willing to be yba milde or Sandra of communications or a kiss of thought. Few sights, in fact Fogwill does not mean fog will be but "testament of fog", according to the Anglo-Saxon heraldry. Anyway, the important thing has been confirmed and is that none of the "famous" writers present came out to defend Cohen. Piglia entered the prize after the closing, with a book already hired, and did not receive the prize. At times it obsesses you with details that prevent you from seeing the whole world. Very feminine about you: almost tender. You will see that, when you receive it, you will not be on your knees before the crown as Gonzalo Rojas did. May 6 Hysteria loses you. But I dfoy the ortho for love, and women. Issaic kisses elsa You can ask Carlos for it. there is a brutal sun and the cordi is all snowy. But that controversy or collective reflection is rotten from the beginning. Oscar is a wise Zen, a poet, a teacher, etc. But he is also a Gideanian heidee who does not know German. So in your place I would send them to hell, although it is useless, because they always lived in the shit. The interpreter is not up to this topic. good I'm going to laburar saw as he said the ugly pichi is being poor everything else is added by addition kisses to my shoot punk elsa goes procer Argentine photo in Chile. I work here, this country is my bakery. I have dinner with writers and people from El Mercurio. I help a little to the Chileans have a Chilean president and piola. Racially, I like the Mapuches, but there is an insurmountable abyss besides strangers to children, and I feel guilty about tourism. In the city labura and plot is changed theme: the generation that is not saved from pathos. They are pathetically conceived beings, who suckled watching tv and grew up with the Indian solari May 10 last night my dad was home because it was my little sister's birthday that goes out with the gunman what do you want me to tell you about my old man? is a dumbass that is not the problem the problem is that my dad is not what I feel every time I see it is shame and before fear also ahroa no longer as you take with your kids? Do you have a relationship similar to mine with any of them? It is a subject that can never be understood. I think my children are happy with me, but I sure did not make it easy for them. If one writes to read it. Here, half of the Lemebel books that they circulate, are truchos. It has a style similar to you. How do you feel the mountain air? The Chilean air felt good: a little suit. But you already got the fundamentals. Tatian is a great tiupo, and, in addition to an interesting philosopher is a great type. I do not know why you want to get into this popping controversy. I refer to the antiquity of these bodies, and the antiquity of the concepts and horizons they handle. It must be the influence of Ferrer: a good guy, but always misguided. I met him in times of what they call "dictatorship military "to hide that it was a dictatorship capiutalista that founded the society and the ideological puddle in the medrán by a sueldito teachers and a public image of deep intellectuals. At least Mattoini is a great father. Do not forget to wash the shell before uploading the page to the Web. No •••••••••••• I know French, I never wanted to think about translations.. •••••••••••••••••••••••• The chile e a country of of racist mestizos. I have a question about the first sentence: in French, I have to choose between me or him. Which solution do you prefer? I, the self, that adds a narrator •••••••••••••••••••••• that only appears in the first paragraph, but I would like you to choose yourself. Some years back, it was a country of peasant pranks, do you see what I mean? People are morally ugly, racially charming. Roberto is one of the few who have not fallen into the dominant taste. I come to work: •••••••••••• statistics •••••••••••• marketing, product creation, concepts and campaigns. Also •••••••••••• could be runa third grammatical person. The Self is created by the reader's ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• awareness. No, ••••••••••• is a writer whose surname is Albero. Indeed it referred to the son of a bitch of ••••••••••••• Piccaso. Now he uses it all the •••••••••••• world. It is the spelling •••••••••••• used in

It is a retired teacher who is said to write to win contests and who is clear about what to send and where to win prizes. Adalberto Agudelo says that since he was a child he tied the laces in the lower part of the shoe and vice versa to show that it is different. From this simple fact you can start to do all the outline of the presumptions that allow the author to return to this compilation, where it is intended to highlight regional writers who seek to make a difference in the genre to which they are attached. He confesses that in addition to writing, he paints -he shows a painting of Manizales drawn by him that adorns the living room of his house-, and that he also handcrafts the curtains of the bathrooms that are in his home. Agudelo refers to the memories of his childhood, and some memories with his father, a peasant who came to Manizales in search of a better future, which was responsible for telling stories and feed his nascent writer's soul. He also tells that on one occasion, as punishment, he was forced to get four poems to declaim in the school flag raising. Adalberto found three and, finding it impossible to find another, decided to write it. Then he told the teacher, who was pleasantly surprised, to discover the talent that possessed the young man. Thus, when he graduated, at age 17, he had more than 30 stories and hundreds of poems in a notebook. The same situation was experienced by the writer, after establishing this scene as a reaction to the crisis he had, where the only irruption that there was was from his mother, who decided to join indefinitely to strike his son. Around this time, Adalberto wrote stories, poems and essays that he later decided to burn because publishers used to always have negative answers for him, and they always told him they were not interested. For several years decided to leave the office aside, due precisely to the constant slights that have been mentioned. On the other hand, the author contradicts himself by saying that being popular is another problem, inasmuch as he is famous in Manizales and sometimes it is tedious, because he would like to have a clandestine life and can not. In short, all this is a major problem that shows a certain backwardness by the beloved Adalberto, who seems to have a large number of opponents regarding the disclosure of his work and the likely clashes he had with other colleagues. Agudelo Duque has won 32 literary prizes and, nevertheless, the people who have approached his work are few. They are more linguistic themes than literary themes: the juxtaposition of grammatical categories that transfer their function or change it with other elements. The characters have no name. The protagonist is the crowd or an anonymous being among them. It is for this reason, one of the authors that has worked the most in the city. 1967: Publishes the book Suicide by reflection. 1978: Publishes Poems for the beloved who has no name. 1980: Publishes the book Toque de queda. 1985: Publishes The Steps of the Sphinx. 1991: Publishes the book The black mirrors. 1995: Publishes La escritura en Caldas. 1998: Publishes the book The submerged city. 1999: Publish the letters that we have left. Approaches to the history of literature in Manizales. 2000: Publishes Poemas, in "First sample of Colombian poetry". 2003: Publishes Möebius Effects in Colombian literature. Manizales: 1981 Of rumba corrida. Editorial University of Caldas. Manizales: 2002 Transmutations current Colombian literature. Editora Regional de Extremadura. Departmental Press of Caldas. Manizales: 1991 Javier Carbonero. Cooperativa Editorial Magisterio. Playfulness and pedagogy: teacher creation. Secretary of Municipal Education. The steps of the sphinx: Latin American prints. Suicide by reflection: or, the story of Oscar Olivares. I bet my heart to your memory forever. I drink in this wine the glass of the past and I know that sadness goes through my heart making noise. I drink the wine of remembrance in this cup and I know of a secret walled corner where it drips and hits the sand like loneliness of clepsydra. The rest of a hammock is ready for a pipe and a word. He points out a green meadow ready for hunting. The quiver is full, and the sandals are shiny. But what's up compadre the rioters had besieged the U from the great arch, the lobería vos sabés, and from the rompoy of the twenty-six. Because the other, the road that goes down to the suburbs did not serve us a pingo pango I put. So the boys got hard and the stone started. The jermu picking up, stacking and lying the mother to those who stayed on the platforms and meadows as curious with fear squeezing the caimas and a great desire to enter the stone, running, the cry of Assassins! And it was the louse man who did not want to let go of the chanfa seeing that he was not able to handle it anymore, that it flew out of his hands. For successive squads they took impulse as in shot put five meters first, then ten and shot. I still have my arm demolished, ground smooth, and I can not lift it. Bacano you heard, no tickling, no scratches on the plastic. And no longer force, or encouragement, or launch champions because the more boars did not give or average and to achieve the triple line of helmets and shields we had to get closer. Thus they began to demolish us grinding us. I saw one of Medicine fall senseless and even on the ground they gave him more until a bloody and shapeless mass was left. It did not help that the indifferent companion joined the fight, in solidarity with the fallen. The rioters began to return us stone by stone, knowing that we had no projectiles, no strength, no desire to fuck with that. A pelada Right was given in the Tower and had to be taken to the hospital urgently with a chacara that gave pity and blood dripping down his hair to the nape. From the dump truck the old man waved his hands and the boys answered him with white handkerchiefs as if saying goodbye to a great friend who was leaving forever. And then he started: with his knee on the ground and his eye on the gunsight they threw the bombs up and down. They caught us off guard even though we expected it. And that thick black smoke erases one on the map and begins to see others as ghosts that are diluted in the water of tears. Anyway, we always resist a little more. What we did not resist was the final onslaught: bolillo en mist, boot up, shield in front. I bring in the suitcase this pain of being, this delirium of knowing me strange among the skin, a foreigner in my house where the mirrors refuse to know me. I do not know the origin, the origin. B is the adventure, the perfume and the shade of that station that we never went to, the certainty of not knowing even the own name or that of the children. Even her, dark face and dark eyes, motionless in the corner, shy and reserved. It observes rather than participates in the event, despite the unequivocal brightness of a secret and unspeakable sadness. The center of attention is the bride, reclining in the armchair in a deep sleep attitude. In his white face now but pink and greetings in memory there are no signs of life. On the other hand yes in the long lace trousseau, in the gloves fitted to the elbows, in the mantle that tops the crown of handmade orange blossoms with petals of the same cloth. He holds a young man lovingly against his bosom, his face shining with the black coal of his beard. More here the same old mature man discusses with a girl of only nine years and the same attire: white suit, gloves, crown of orange blossoms. Two leather suitcases placed on the floor indicate proximity of travel or farewell. The whole composition seems the previous study for a large family fresco in which the tearing of the tapestry, the wood, the springs and the nails of the seats are not missing from view. Reviewing the features, the rictus and the gestures of the participants, the distant cousin is recognized, the friend of circumstances, the companion of cares and jokes. A bearded woman speaks loudly and loudly even though no one hears her. An old man, not very old, with a ruddy face and a meticulous mustache, is adorned with a cloth turban and wearing red silk tunic and gold prints. Something similar is expressed by her other daughter, who has even mentioned that "publishers are more interested in books that talk about drug trafficking and prepaid girls than quality texts." Of all it is known that the big publishing houses are motivated more by the economic factor than by the literary quality. This is because the writer explores a lot in innovation with language and in novel narrative techniques such as palimpsest, intertextuality and hexagons. He is an author for academic elites, who by their training understand their experiments with language. " Olivares, the central character, symbolizes in his surname the name of a ravine that crosses with its turbid waters a depressed sector. But the backdrop is Manizales. The urban landscape, with all its nuances, appears in the pages of this work that shows the misery of those people who live in the outer walls. No subject has been alien to him to portray with his prose of fine artistic flashes his city. The writer must know the city to write about it, an aspect that is vast in Agudelo. The characters in Adalberto's stories seem taken from those streets that the writer knows because he has walked with his artist's eyes. The narrative force of his novels manages to communicate to the reader what the city is like, where its history comes from, what landscape elements adorn it. The writer paints the city in a prose that at certain moments acquires poetic tones. It is also a novel of human solidarity, of survival in a bloody country written with lyricism, with passion and humor at the same time. The rigor of its language makes suppose an office of writer to all test. A paramo landscape envelops the atmosphere of a mythical country that becomes a character. From a literary tripod conformed by a deep knowledge of popular music, the most popular sport and the world of comics, the author exalts daily life to an ennobled plane ". Thus, as expressed in some of the book reviews, Toque de queda shows that non-conformity of students who throw stones as an expression of their rebellious spirit. In this work is the city, taken by the public force, which runs through the streets throwing tear gas. Here Bolivar Park becomes the scene of a battle fought with clean stone. That the publishers of consumption do not publish it, is another thing, because the juries of their prizes have been of all the sizes. Who is the wrong one: Adalberto? If we look at it on the map of the earth we will not see beyond the tiny sting of a needle. We build it on the back of a long, undulating hill that guards an infinite succession of domes, hills and pyramids placed there to show us all the nuances of gray, blue and green. Island species in a sea of ​​mountains protected by the hills of Sancancio and Tesorito, each street is a window to the landscape. But the capital of Caldas is not just a factory for sunsets. People of study that feed the international and university theater festivals, more international festivals of music, jazz, bolero. And if you want tranquility, solace and rest, music rooms attended by experts who will be governed by the taste of the visitor to listen to the favorite composer or the masterpiece that reveals it. Places to enjoy a drink of wine, a rum from the house, a cocktail. And hotels, motels, residences, hostels for all budgets. And in restaurants it is not said: international gourmet cuisine for the most exquisite palates or the typical dishes that distance us from other regions. A visit to La Enea proposes the journey to the ancestral faith. Visible and audible, its lanterns and bell towers still call mass to parishioners, residents or tourists. In: Around the dark flame. Words in search of light, darkness and escape. Editorial University of Caldas. Transmutations current Colombian literature. Editora Regional de Extremadura. Departmental Press of Caldas. Cooperativa Editorial Magisterio. Playfulness and pedagogy: teacher creation. Secretary of Municipal Education. The steps of the sphinx: Latin American prints. Suicide by reflection: or, the story of Oscar Olivares. Words in search of light, darkness and escape. All the stories the story: the brief invention of the world. The last newspaper of Tony Flowers. The most difficult sheets of the album. Editorial University of Antioquia. Ads Leave a comment September 28, 2013 by germanhj08, posted in Uncategorized 5. And above all, they grant cinematographic atmospheres the quality of unexpected and dazzling literature. The real is what brightens the imagination, or what mythifies the previously sordid "The previous fragment is taken from Aires de familia. He is also a renowned film critic in the national field and workshop of "creative writing." He has excelled in chess and basketball. Suddenly because I was a couch potato I was late for books and that was forced by a car accident that took me months without being able to run or play soccer, two things that I loved. At that time I took a liking to reading, but although in the hospital they gave me El viejo y el mar, I read it a long time later. His characters and landscapes are particularly urban and cosmopolitan, giving his works the atmosphere of chaos and disorganization characteristic of modern times; hence, some of his stories have been included in anthologies translated into Italian, Bulgarian and German. 1993: Publishes the book Cuento caldense actual and El color del agua. He obtains the title of Specialist in Latin American Literature. 2010: Publishes the book Intermediate Destinations. The last newspaper of Tony Flowers. Ibagué: 2008 The most difficult sheets of the album. Editorial University of Antioquia. Medellín: 2002 1851: folletín de cabo roto. The inn of Admiral Benbow. Manizales: 1993 The passion to read. Editorial University of Antioquia. Editorial University of Caldas. I did not ask why she worked on a Saturday afternoon and I left her in front of her office. In the morning we had a pretty silly discussion, it was better than being prudent. I offered to pick her up at night, but he retired from the window. We would meet in the apartment: "I prefer it," he said, and I saw his legs overcome the granite stairs with lightness. After a few blocks I put the car in a parking lot and without much desire to do something I bought the entrance to the cinema. The globe of the Universal ended its routine convolution and the camera hurled me into the sea. I saw Waterworld between distracted and interested. At the exit I bought a box of chewing gum and stuffed three pills. People tried to get on buses, some in a hurry, convinced of the proximity of the rain. The street lighting went on: while some lamps had a tired pink tone, others shone brightly. In front of the Colonial hotel, a blonde of about eighteen years of age was waiting. I was impressed by his hair; It was long and seemed too light to be true. The bluynin tightly hugged the wide hips and the white, elastic shirt, exposed the navel. I slowed down when I passed him. I did not expect a face so abrupt, as if each line had been corrected with a pencil tip too thick. However, it attracted me, there was something vulgar in it. He examined the car with hopes but accelerated immediately. It's fun to walk the avenue if you're spending time and gas; the engine was perfect after the review. Near the old train station I turned into U at the traffic light and went to the shopping center to browse. I went down to the underground parking lot to avoid the obstacle course: this is what a friend calls the effort to overcome the beggars and the street vendors, always to the siege at the main entrance. In a store of sportswear there is a cap of the Angeles Lakers very attractive. In one of the gifts and other trinkets I saw a medium-sized rectangular mirror with a striking message: "When I knew all the answers, all the questions were changed." The impeccable response of the future sovereign of the Colombians is famous: "To the puppy, because they are also human beings". Many of the statements I hear about human rights remind me of this anecdote, repeated every year to point out the limited discernment of the candidates for the reign of Cartagena. After thinking about it for a few seconds, he solves the dilemma by sacrificing what is really of interest to the museum administrators and their visitors - the painting by Leonardo da Vinci for which many people have risked their lives - to rescue the guardian's puppy. I considered it a denaturing exercise of the genre and very tiring; he wielded some of the usual neologisms in French essayists who like the term postmodernity and concluded his defense with a memorable sentence: "Irony is sometimes quite ironic." I went to the library looking for the magazine but in the numbers 72 and 73, the last ones that arrived at my door, did not appear. Uncomfortable, I surmised that he was the victim of a fiction contrived by his modesty. I admit that I was wrong and that sometimes I am late in paying my subscriptions. Unable to accept literature as a distant pleasure from the participation strategies so characteristic of his nationality, Rivers readied his theoretical arsenal for a tiring exercise. The functions are the fundamental constituent parts of the story. The number of functions included in the wonderful story is limited. The succession of functions is always identical. All the wonderful stories belong to the same type as far as their structure is concerned. In the electronic magazine of theory of short fiction El cuento en Red. However, there are those who include it in a generation of writers who are renewing Colombian literature, but without pigeonholed in any trend. This is also a way for many storytellers to start their careers. He is also considered as a versatile writer, in whose work the use of colloquial language and versions can be evidenced funny of the rural origins of the region. In addition, the author refers to hybrid genres, to the extent that the finding of a pure genre is implausible, where the influence of another type of content is not evident. It is also highlighted that Escobar is a writer who takes his task seriously and who has relegated to a secondary level his practice as a doctor to dedicate himself full-time to literature. His prose is pleasant and light in the good sense of the term, exhibits a subtle sense of humor and a dry irony that gives a special touch to his work. The fact that they are classified within postmodernism, explains Escobar, obeys the need of the academy to order the world in some way, for that reason it does not have great importance for him. In relation to an objective comparison between the possibilities of the story and the novel in terms of publication, the author states that it is difficult to get a book of stories published and it is even more difficult for someone to encourage review or recommend it. The book is based on the idea that popular music, like many other forms of popular culture, are very important in the lives of people. The works of Escobar Giraldo, that is to say, both his stories and his novels, aim to make known a proposal where the writer narrates a world that is increasingly smaller and homogenized by tastes and preferences. Escobar Giraldo opts for a plural vision of things, shifting his gaze to different planes. The history of the world of Saide, arises from one of the stories that appears under the title of another of the author's books: The color of water. Regarding the inscription of this one within one of the genres, Octavio Escobar makes reference to certain determining aspects that tried to break with the paradigm of both the black genre and the detective novel. The protagonist is the cousin of José Alonso, her husband. Juan is described as a well-planted adventurer, handsome, and circumstantial miner of little conviction. Subject melancholic, with a tendency to vagrancy, a dark past of the reneger and a dubious future that links to the avatars of the road and the elusive luck of the vein of the sinkholes. Juan goes to his relative's house by invitation, with the idea that he will settle and help him on the farm that he settles in the nascent Salamina. José Alonso is a laborious subject, endearing and generous, but he is burdened with the reproach of a sin of youth that prevents him from fathering. Marriage works the land happily with no more ambition than the rooting and the attainment of sustenance for the upbringing of children who do not arrive. Juan and Serafina know each other in the framework of an exemplary family and in an anodyne environment. From the first encounter one senses the mutual attraction and the forbiddenness of any of its possible paths. Serafina "knew that her eyes attracted, that wide hips and massive breasts caused admiration". The force of passion can be more than devotion and betrayal without shame: "After half-undressing the clothes, the couple enters into intimate communion. The expected, predicted, desired moment for so long and with such ineffable longings transports them to another world, mysterious and imponderable. " In a primitive society under the tutelage of a coercive church and an indolent and warrior state, guilt removes the conscience of the lovers and announces the tragedy in a final that requires the active participation of the reader and that at times disconcerts. Small collateral stories set this drama and outline a time of wars and profound social transformations whose nefarious effects are still felt in the country. Nothing further from the reality and the intention of the author. The homage that Escobar pays to Don Quixote and the cavalry novels in this work is evident. A distinctive feature of this work is undoubtedly the fine and shameless irony that distills throughout its journey. In that It would be worth highlighting the description of the customs that makes a fundamental character in the novel for its cushioning contribution to the dramatic tension and that is called Eulalia. Eulalia will be the eternal companion of Juan the protagonist in almost all his journeys and in some way his most attentive and submissive confidante. Their dissolute customs will be adorned with motherhood in September 1851. Perhaps what allows us to identify more easily this work of Escobar in the context of his prose, is the recurrence to intertextuality. There is also his great ability to outline with sharp brushstrokes the psychology of the characters, although in this case, it may be necessary to deepen and expand the feeling of guilt of the lovers and their affective reaches. Lovecraft and the novel he writes has to do with that horror literature. Escobar with an incredible three-way contrapuntal skill, thus, catches the reader. For the rest, a certain minimalism of his diary adds protagonists and readers in a mysterious atmosphere that is difficult to evade. Mix the two through a kind of discursive collage in which the mass media are a decisive part for its development. From a non-conclusive narrative fragmentation, the novel breaks with the technique of anecdotal discourses and opens the way to an imprecise and transgressive world. Irony and sarcasm are a vital part of the playful character of the novel, which breaks with any concept of solemnity. The work is constituted, therefore, in a puzzle that does not need to be assembled. The contemporary Colombian novel, 1980-1995. The black novel had been characterized in its best samples by an existential hero, expert in dealing with failure, and not without a light romantic breath wrapped in protective cynicism. His favorite landscape was corruption, and a personal code of honor that maintained the loneliness of the character that embodied the seeker of some truth, if there was one. His novel Saide, published by the Spanish publisher Periférica, manages to gather a set of virtues that open a fertile path to the possibility of the Colombian black novel. Among those achievements are a fluid language that solves with narrative wisdom the pitfalls of naked speech so expensive to this type of novels. At no time the author allows himself the truculence, he learned the lesson of Hichtcock: nobody has yet invented the courteous way to kill. And the most risky of his narrative proposal is that he takes the principle of the black novel according to which there are no moral judgments and takes it to the extreme of not finding a single solution. The reader will come up with several conjectures, all credible and will perceive the feeling of desolation produced by a world in which he can barely survive with conformity and without love. Saide is the name of the beautiful daughter of a Lebanese immigrant who arrives in Colombia at a crucial and terrifying moment, that of "the years of blood". The events that will live during that time will change it inside and out. A story that throws the reader at the feet of Saide, an enigmatic woman of Lebanese origin. Escobar Giraldo has written an accurate story, full of suggestions and looks around, without falling into the roar of the description of violence without containment. The dead in real life, says someone in I do not know what page, are less spectacular, more ordinary. In addition, he explains that it is not feasible to compare the love and tastes of the Octavio of thirty years and the current Octavio, because the central axis of his life has varied depending on their new occupations. Finally, he points out that it is necessary to be clear that there are different types of readers, depending on the ages and tastes they promulgate. Leave a comment September 28, 2013Septiembre 28, 2013 by germanhj08, posted in Uncategorized 3. His studies were carried out completely in the city, in a typical family of the time, that is to say, of Antioqueno origin that had simple and severe customs. The work was part of his life from an early age, in order to contribute financially to his home. This library would be inherited by him, who was in charge of continuing to nourish it for the good of the culture in the city. Which is possible to verify by the words of one of his daughters, who affirms that "it is, very happy the memory that I have of those sessions, for the affection that in them I received and the knowledge that in that way my father lavished me". In some of its newsrooms he used the pseudonym "Fierabrás". He was physically characterized by being tall and with a face that at times seemed dour, while his intellect was brilliant and consistent with his good humor, typical of a great conversationalist. Finally, he devoted himself to the writing of his book on the history of the city until the end of 1936, which helped him to be cataloged as the city's first biographer, who tells the first 60 years of his life. He died in his hometown in the year 1946. 1927: Write one of his most important chronicles, as a result of the trip made by a group of notable Pereira to get to know some cities and regions of France and Italy. 1936: He published one of the first books written by Pereira Pereira 1875-1935. 1946: He died on June 20 in Pereira. Terror seized the peaceful residents, because it was nothing less than a ghost that walked through the streets of the town at night and parked in the "Calle del Miadero". If they lend me a comb and leave me alone, "said Gajito," I give them the fright alive or dead. " The ghost was standing in the middle of the block of the "Calle del Miadero". In response, the "fright" approached making "shrews". The girl Celia was very well dressed and also had some cute little rings. It would be four in the afternoon when the black woman arrived at Don Manuel's house, very frightened, saying that the little girl had drowned, dragged by a huge crescent that had "come down". The consternation of the Toro Hoyos family was enormous. The black woman showed the precise location of the tragedy, but even though they searched everywhere, they did not find the corpse of the little girl. Several commissions, on both banks, traveled long stretches downriver, without any result. Some people went to the mouth of the Otún River in Cauca, but found nothing. The next morning someone suggested the idea of ​​having the Black Cleotilde arrested, hoping that if he knew anything, he would confess when he saw him in prison. Immediate result was obtained, because the black woman, seeing herself alone in the "women's prison", was filled with fear and sent for her mother, old Soledad, to confess the crime. It was then that the details of the dreadful crime, committed by the soulless black Cleotilde, became known. Playing the "caracumbé" or the "repollito" in the square, with girls and no more enemies than two or three commissioners who worked as policemen and instead of a beret and a bolero, they wore a suaza hat to "la pedrada" and a simple "verraquillo". We lived in frank camaraderie and we all hated Esteban Hurtado because he wore a "coconut" hat and tie. Everything changed over the years. I send a tribute as a memory of the beloved city, from here, where luck has me loaded with years and disappointments. In El Diario, June 22, 1946. But at this point the questions fit, was he the only inhabitant of the city of that time able to write that story? Or rather, what made him precisely the one to elaborate great work and not another person? In sum all these reasons and others, are those that make the roots of this Pereirano to his land, immortalized in his work and has been erected as "the manual for historians of the city." He is good, great fighter, very pleasant chronicler, and a charge does not support his conscience. In a simple book he has divulged all the antiquities of the village and the ages of the Pereirans. Writer admirable, here is the concept that always deserved Ricardo Sanchez. But there was a superior aspect in his life, far superior to the writer. He was one of the most pleasant conversationalists we have ever heard in our lives. His story was entertaining as the flow of a fountain. His anecdote was rich as a treasure of pirates. His memory had the freshness of childhood. Because Ricardo Sanchez, despite all those great torments with which life filled him with thorns, had a magnificent stoicism. A stoicism hardly worthy of him who was a man without shyness, or fears. Now Ricardo Sánchez has entered the supreme realm of death. And we have thought to see him inside the anguished mahogany box, that if friend incomparable traveled again, in search of people to carry his friendly word or those who remember the homeland away with a Christmas gift. But, who knew him well, we can affirm that when he left life, he was happy with the match with his incomparable cordial laughter. The book by Ricardo Sánchez, which is no longer available, will have to be put into a deluxe edition. He will be at the head of the libraries. There are the first stories, in guadua pipe, as the first aqueduct. It was not written in blood according to the Nietzschean precept, but it was written with love. And if blood is spirit, love is entangled, warmth buried and I look at my heart ". They also emphasize the human warmth of the writer, which is easily reflected in those reflections that many of his friends did in media such as El Diario. Within the warm environment of its boundaries you feel the stranger as in your own home. For that rare quality, the fame of his name, like the fame of good cigarettes, flies from mouth to mouth. From no other city in the country does the traveler take such pleasant memories as they are from Pereira. Security and guarantees are breathed everywhere in this magnificent city under whose marvelous sun the offspring of all affection are prayed. Even birds find in the city the cage of their loves. Neither the noise of the motors of the cars, nor the tolling of the bells of the temples, nor the hubbub of the people, nor the pebble of the rapacious mischievous makes them leave the green and cozy branches. It was you, beautiful Pereira girl. Everything is owed to you and that is why the city is what it is and it can not be otherwise! Around every corner we find the gentile pereirana, relaxed and smiling. It was said that maliciously staked awaits us there, ready to hold the gallant flirtation and show us the wonderful city. In parks and walks we see her accompanied by her gallant, attentive, witty, affectionate and confident. By that system that the pereirana practices with rare ability, there have been infinity of marriages in the city... Nature with a prodigal hand sprinkled on Pereira precious gifts, endowing it with the elements that will make it bigger and more prosperous every day: abundant and excellent water weather. Its privileged geographical situation and the beauty of its landscapes, which is hardly comparable to the beauty of its women, have assured its future. This is the city that melts in only do the excellence of national life. Tumultuous and agitated describes the itinerary of its commercial and industrial development. And everything is in luminous concordance with the quiet family art. The women of this city represent the human and divine type that is linked in the dialogue of Bethany. City built with tradition woods and with cement columns that are the new index of civilization. City illuminated with the placid glare of its fields where the wind of the afternoon sneaks between the crops and produces a music of soft cadences. Leave a comment September 28, 2013Septiembre 22, 2016 by germanhj08, posted in Uncategorized 2. Pereirano born in the year of 1965, whose parents were dedicated to dentistry and teaching; bachelor of the Salesian College. Poems of his appear in the poetry magazine "Ulrika". In the same way, his participation in seminars, conferences, conversations and other cultural events is constant, in which he contributes his experience and knowledge with respect to the aforementioned topics. The variety, but above all the quality of its productions, have made it worthy of recognition that positions it very well in the regional panorama, especially with regard to research issues around the recovery of historical memory and the victims. In this way, it gathers the perceptions, positions and concepts that philosophy has made about the different forms of violence. The case of Avenida Circunvalar. Publishes the book of poems Urban landscape of the dawning century. 2005: The book Walter Benjamín is published. Uses and receptions in Latin America. Publishes the essay El son de la educación. 2007: Publishes the book Philosophy and Memory, the return of the specters. Publishes Philosophy in a state of exception in Paradox. Post Critical Review: Historical responsibility: will there be memory? On March 24 he publishes the essay Handbook of informants for young ladies in filosofiaymemoria.blogspot.com. 2011: Publishes The complex issue of memory in Miradas. Inventory of the architectural heritage of the Risaralda. Cityscape of the dawning century. Collection of Pereira Writers. Walter Benjamin thinker of the city. Uses and receptions in Latin America. Philosophy and memory, the return of the specters. Memory and city: Pereira post-seismic 2001-2006. Other cartographies from the citizen perception. Dosquebradas: Postergraph, 2008. Victims and memories: testimonial story in Colombia. Pereira: Philosophy and memory research group. Technological University of Pereira, 2012. Story and memory A pedagogical proposal to read and write memory. I have lost the definition of the term. I know the Bavarian who lives in me. Things live if you name them a word. Between man and technique the intricate network of traces and sounds; versos debris, a woman without teeth on the edge of an oil slick. Things were, are, and will be magic. The magic buried in the gloomy formula. A child's laugh survives the market, a man's mask hangs from the child's face. In urban landscape of the dawning century. Collection of Pereira Writers. But betting on words also means learning to walk in the swamps, like the batrachians and the dragons. One learns to colonize the circumference of fever as the natural state of the possessed by a fury of stone. You learn to build some hell where men and women have a breath of smoke and a circulation of fire. Betting on words I have lost my name because grammar does not replace the silence of the stars. Each of these types of cities converge in an urban fragment. In the descriptions of the physiognomist a petty life, the action of the most elementary caliber is painted and described under the narrative familiarity of the story. The city in this case is the route that allows the approach to that beauty elaborated by man, it is the central base where reason and poetic are confused. The critic stands out as a chronicler of beauty; rational voice that aims to detail the significance of the poetic production of men. It is therefore the possibility of flying the imperative of every spirit attentive to transcend the exclusive plane of the earthly. But if the gods have wings, humans, on the other hand, barely accede to them at times, because our terrestrial condition forces us to be fast prisoners of a small and sordid world full of greed and misery. The soul can not return to the room from which it started, but after a banishment of ten thousand years; because it does not recover its wings before unless that has cultivated philosophy with a sincere heart or loved the young with a philosophical love. To the third revolution of a thousand years if you have chosen this kind of life three times in a row, it recovers its wings and flies towards the gods.... The human's momentary possibility of accessing, living and registering beauty has passed into Western culture through different ways of thinking and relating, constituting a series of myths that testify to the relationship between the city and man. These witnesses have not spontaneously performed the exercise of writing their violent experiences. In this sense, the testimonial writer is the "literate intermediary" who supports the possibility of generating dialogue and closeness with his history characters. This conceptualization of violence manages to erase the human face of suffering. In Victims and Memories: testimonial story in Colombia. Pereira: Philosophy and memory research group. Technological University of Pereira, 2012. Both the one and the other are linked to a reflection on time, specifically modern linear time. Reyes Mate has built a thought illuminated by these paths. It has grappled with historicism, continuing Benjamin's polemic and has given the concept of memory a disturbing role from the victims. Time There is a conception of time that has ended lording it over as the dominant ideology. For this conception, man is bound, subjected to a linear and continuous time model with which it seems impossible to break ties. We inhabit history as tenants or prisoners of a continuity where the repetition and the aspiration to the perfectibility of the same are the doses that sustain our existence. But is time the repetition of the same? Or, can history be posed as the liberation of that time from repetition? In both, a linear and ascending conception of a world order that considers democratic, liberal and free market societies as the most convenient models for humanity is exposed. Benjamin will detect this tyranny of time and propose a way of revolutionary consciousness that considers a leap in the continuum of history. The time referred to is a "precious but insipid" seed4 that lies within what is historically apprehended. 2 For the social democrats, freedom, justice and solidarity are the principles that represent the essence of socialism. The social democracy addresses ethical issues from a prism of progress, defending the importance of reformism, policies such as citizen participation, protection of the environment and the integration of social minorities in modern democracies. 4 W. Benjamin, Thesis on history and other fragments, op. Explaining that conception of time will allow him to constitute his own discourse about the past and memory. The importance and subtlety of this development could not be grasped without reviewing the role of time over the different philosophies of Western history, especially the perspective known as historicism. Both the one and the other are linked to a reflection on time, specifically modern linear time. At a certain point, it consists of measuring history from a perspective of relativity, that is, opening new interpretative routes by means of who counts in a given space and time. Although not only the fact of counting has troubled Alberto Verón in the construction of his work, but also analyze from different angles the realities that intersect and overlap man himself. In this way, through poetry he has been able to publicize his critical view of society. An example of this is the book of poems The rusty apple. The thematic unity of the book and the maturity of the style are evidence of a consolidated literary effort and a totalizing apprehension of the spaces that you want to poetize. The author shows, in his attempts to fabulate very concrete facts of the urban reality, a great capacity to discover the different facets of the passing of the city man, with an expressive economy that is supported by appropriate literary resources ". Although the range is not exhausted in these three lines, these will be the manifest nodes that we will try to address. This line responds to a poetic image that is patented, generally, from beginning to end in each poem, and permeates the way to follow each of the loas in the virtual journey that the reader imposes on the text. The line always appears of an express attitude that will have to be denied, or from which the intentional idea in the poem will move away or even be seen as an impossible place. Could be followed in the corners of the book that transgressed I speaker, which becomes a character-idea decided to face two different ways to that selected problem of the city and its copious inhabitants. Whatever the reading, as we pointed out earlier, the discomfort of the character is suggested by the state in which he finds himself and the imperious desire for mobility, or the attempt to move towards another. In this work such a movement is a hopeless movement, a movement that has taken as its stage the modern city and its profane creations, to tend toward a fatal destiny. Others of the neighborhood in which he lives and that are part of that collective idea of ​​urban space. This process has an echo, in the narrative idea of ​​the open story, that which updates its history and does not want to close all the open thematic nuclei, in answering the questions that it has formulated in its course. The clear indeterminacy waits so much for the reader that he forgets to create it, for example, in Portfolio: "I wish that where bank projections do not arrive, a word can be erected." He is currently linked in a multiple deed project called Unstable Landscapes. In this way, he considers that in the country there is a great ignorance regarding the position of victim, since the very genesis of the conflict is ignored. Therefore, further training in this regard will require the application of the necessary measures to make people more aware of the issue and therefore lead to a significant decrease in violence, in all its manifestations. From the above it is inferred that recognizing how the life of the victim is described or how violence is named, through an analysis of language, helps to characterize the situation of dispossession and pain that it suffers. It is about rebuilding the memory of suffering, the slavery of political violence that has been exercised, exercised and will continue to be exercised in our country. It happens that since past centuries, literature and philosophy have undoubtedly been linked to politics, and therefore the writer works as a transformer of reality. Nowadays it also happens that writing is something of "groups", "around themes", since the intellectual who dominated many fields no longer exists. Similarly, he believes that he would use it again. But that literary Alberto is still there and he is going to rise from the ashes. He has never defined himself as a historian, but rather as a poet and as a humble professor of philosophy. Since many scholars of the subject of the historical memory, the violence and the victims, have included it in their works as a referent, does their work as a researcher have that objective? Although it is not what I was looking for, since I was looking for more as a poet. In any case, they are the paths of life and things develop there. But in spite of that, as director of the Philosophy and Memory research group, are the investigations going on because of the theme of memory and so on? Yes, but this is an adult thing. Although he has received some recognitions, he considers that he has not yet arrived. But The most beautiful recognition is that of a person who reads a text of his authorship, that he likes and that can help things. In this way he concludes, a complementary view of the wide range that constitutes the work of this teacher. Writers, for obvious reasons, come after architects and engineers. But if they did not arrive, if they did not make their presence "... between the masses of cement and wood it would seem that the memory is extinguished, that the past does not matter anymore". The chronicler is assigned to what was originally wood and bahareque. It is "to discover it, to show it, to inhabit it before the pollution and the garbage submerge it in the Atlantis of our rottenness". But I prefer to think of those brave men in hats and ruanas, who bothered their shoes, and who to motiliate the land with their machetes were true heroes. Those anonymous, that by dark hazards of fate, were in the shadow of the first photos of the foundation, but that were the workers of that original action to get rid of the earth and build the foundations of a city. Extending around the well began to mature the centuries-old mango trees, those that today are still able to offer shade to the gamín and the shoeshine boy, the unemployed and the retired; they are the contemporary anonymous sons of those invisible workers of the city. In him, the musicians of Sundays, those invisible men of retreat, disseminators of waltzes and polkas configured the idyllic image of a city that had an urgent need "to be". This imperative of mutual recognition had its epicenter in the center of the town in the form of "a pile surrounded by bronze ducks whose peaks sang the song a song and on their parapet combed on Saturday, market day, the peasants " And it is that every small meeting point of the city becomes an element that counts in the mathematics of the construction of a sense of urban life. Every detail becomes an accomplice of joy and relaxation: "the platforms were covered with red brick and only the main cobbled streets and it was to see how grass and grass grew everywhere. A city that lost its public space around the fastest and most corrupt memory does not deserve to be called a city; Let's talk better about the prison, the concentration camp, the wild factory. And is that culture is outward doors. But what is the other city we have? I wonder about the city that fortunately is still on the street, and that is named daily by the song of the vendors. That street that is the pulpit of the insane, spring of departure of the exiles. This leads to the chroniclers of the beginning of the century have it as a fundamental reference, basic symbol to narrate the city. In popular tradition, the street was never just a passing territory, it was also a place where civic leaders, religious prophets, lovers could air their dreams in the shade of trees. The urbanist Lonergan articulates the system of streets, neighborhoods and parks with the vital swims that explain the symbolic meaning of city life. The streets of the cities, as Italo Calvino writes, are "like dreams, they are. There are places that can be reached, but there are others that become closed territories. The fact is linked to the growing individualistic fantasy of modernity. The chroniclers are over, leaving only the rapporteurs of private insecurity. The forbidden place transforms into the somber scene where the city acquires light-dark tones. These are territories that had splendor, only later they fall into decadence. A tugurial entremistor is a small micro-city that keeps in essence the most impressive of its stenches. They are sectors on which the gaze is morally charged, fragments stigmatized but that very much of stigma maintain features of history and identity. In these routes the individual hopes to get a fruit; past and present tours that have de facto functions in people's lives. As much for the ones as for the others in their parched brains it only fires a sweet smell, the vision of a white dust that spreads on some surface, and the sound when the dust explodes in the cigarette ". Those who congregate around a magazine stall embedded in a platform, practice an encounter with knowledge, an encounter that leads them to the subtle ways of finding a simple wisdom that frees them from any other project. Thus, in the stigmatized area of ​​the city, the group of men "dreams and curses at the impossible promise of huge breasts of paper that at times seem to want to be flesh on the cover of space." A solidarity that has borders of vulgarity, of permanent orality, of conflict to become a site for survival. This miraculous way of surviving in the sewers of the system is the dull and permanent rhythm that the city also offers us. It is the rhythm that is vainly sought to be silenced, the one that unfolds from the last waste that capital expels. The trash reveals the chronicler, the walker of Latin American cities, to where the human species manages to survive. This is what Baudelaire described: "here we have a man who must collect the garbage of the past day in the big capital. For the chronicler and stroller of the city the great capital. the current chronicle is no longer that of an idyllic city, it is not only the recovery of public spaces in their beauty; The chronicle of the current city is crossed by the social contradictions that are part of the painful poetics of culture. To live among the pollution and the garbage of our cities, but to silence it, is to share with the true evil its share of brutality. They changed the skin for the hard crust of the desarropados and their ability to decide by the grotesque logic of the prisoners. But they gave him the opportunity to rub shoulders with the world of beatings, he had fun with the freezing showers at midnight and the wasteland, and he also got up close and deep in the exacerbation of fear. These moral waste that the chronicler tracks are the new slaves of the garbage of Latin American societies. Their working conditions are of a level of indignity that a sincere society with itself would have to collapse by accepting its conditions. I consider that there is a "sanctity" in this form of misery that inhabits the forbidden city, an imposed negotiation, an eagerness to float in the hot and aggressive nothingness of the modern street. An insurmountable vocation of fall that it is not enough to deny physical cleansing, with total demolition. Erase injustice is what 105 modernization projects do not achieve. To remove at the root the immense quota of human imbalance thanks to which, in other spaces of the city, a harmony, a peace, a tranquility that is indissolubly linked to the unfortunate daily life of the majorities is cried out and exhibited. The city of today is not reduced to the nostalgic proclamation of recovering the lost patrimony. The city has created a new patrimony, of disinherited, of fallen in the daily combat of the market. Hence, the dark territories, the putrid smell, the buildings in demolition, the lairs of the lost are part of a culture that should be accounted for in the future. The brickwork is also built on them, the modern crematorium is roofed. Two or three generations separate the life of these cities from an economic and religious rupture with the rural tradition, but this is still present in the daily order of our cities. At the beginning of the century there is a close relationship between the countryside and the city in the shadow of the chronicles. While the city grows in its indexes construction is experiencing another growth, more invisible, more silent, which has to do with the peasant hybridization in the center of the city of Pereira. But how do we react to this phenomenon? The city assimilates a volume of young people who become part of the great army of rebusque which travels from end to end of the city in search of an opportunity to survive. It is to them that the culture of the parks, cafeterias and canteens belongs. Pereira is not a city where the existence of individuals is afraid to express themselves out of doors. The city is living an exhibition of its inner world, hence it is possible to pursue the kind of reality that these children of the countryside elaborate, those who settle in the peripheries or who simply do not have how to settle down. Through these moral assessments that are issued on a space contributes to the invention of a new legend, to the: creation of a story to the construction of a specific identity. With its extinction the city will finish erasing any hint of its memory. The stroller is forced to segment the city since the passage offers a total break with other spaces in the downtown area. The stroller enters to practice the city an "imaginary court". From the anthropological light, the Passage can be seen as an articulated body thanks to the beings that inhabit it and transit it or that simply enter into a relationship with it. It smells like dentistry anesthesia, damp, wood from old houses. Those who remain in it for work reasons or because they are transited are affected through the "experience". Thus dialogues can flourish there between people and space, monologues and fears that are integrated into a semantics. The Passage was the first of a commercial nature that the city of Pereira had in 1947. At the beginning, the dyers and tailors, the barbers and dentists, the small hotels of passage were first located there in their small premises. The vast majority of those who officiated their first jobs were emigrants because in the mid-40s and because of the violence Pereira received those who escaped from political battles. Regarding the site, the chronicler writes: "... those who are seduced by the heterogeneous urban landscape will not resist the temptation to cross the entrance either for the eighth race or for the ninth race. If you enter the race ninth the first thing you find is the palace of the comics and 78 revolutions discs. After the magazine stand is the succession of dental mechanics laboratories and barbershops. Teguas and barbers survive with their families working on the head and teeth of those who do not know orthodontists or unisex salons... the barbers are of venerable age, they have been working in the same trade for at least two decades. At sunset, when the sun has gone down, they take the table to the sidewalk of the Passage and sit down with what to play dominated in the same way that their elders did. " Our third statement is that "the passage was the response or mercantile strategy of a city that enjoyed its commercial vocation at the time". In characteristic scenes of small populations or of extinct modes of social existence, dentists and barbers gather at dusk at the time that work decreases to play parquet or dominoes. The expectation of the clients is nourished by the dialogue with the neighbor, of looking at those who cross it. And like barbers and dentists, the prostitutes, stationed in one of the entrances of the Passage claim a small place in the shade, a stage where they can sell their anxiety and rest from their poverty. It is about the experiences that are elaborated from ancient trades such as those who shave the hair, make the dental boxes or calm the cares of the flesh. The fourth hypothesis that we propose to Pulgarín is that "work as an activity that passes from generation to generation He has allowed his sobré vivencia. " It is a permanence in time of a cultural order that goes back to the decade of the 40s. Cultural system that allows us to see the way in which the life of a community is ordered apart from the demands of modernization. This is achieved thanks to the effective demand of a large group of men, women and children who still find in this space a solution to the demands of dentistry, barbering, lodging and cheap food. There, a practical, vital and empirical knowledge is exhibited, sold and learned. This type of cultural practices has a coherence that allows it to survive the obvious changes in the downtown area of ​​the city. There exists then a rationality and a legitimate causal structure. Taking the Micro Artery of the Passage as an analysis segment can stimulate by analogy the understanding of certain sociocultural aspects of the city as a whole. The architectural configuration that stands on either side of the Passage produces effects on the stratum of the symbolic. A world that in the interior of the Passage makes reference to the Antioqueña inheritance and abroad, on the eighth race an order that aspires to join the wave of modernization that crossed the city center in 1947. This rationality has not overcome work exercises premodern as the barbershop, dentistry or street prostitution. There is an alternative order that responds to the imperatives of alienated work and the processes of modernizing accumulation. Although the market economy is installed in the center of Pereira, the Passage remains an alternative to the peasant practices. It seems that in the end the orders of modernity merge into the Passage with the culture that is most firmly rooted in tradition. It also spreads through the most extreme surface of the socius: its brothel districts and its barren periphery. "What places do citizens consider to be the most dangerous? Do these fears stem from a reality directly experienced by the inhabitant or are they the fruit of an intuition mediated by the press or urban rumors? In our opinion we are inclined to ignore the role played by the mass media and street rumors in the moment of restigmatizing and redeeming any place. In the city from the so-called "prohibited places" or "hidden cities" tend to develop social and moral contrasts where it compares and defends a specific "ethos" dominated by the so-called good habits, work, respect for dignity and progress. Any of the five elements mentioned above are part of modern social morality and were disseminated by European society through a process of education in which autonomy and self-control were fostered. But through a direct experience and not mediated it is possible that the same space is equal or much less dangerous than other sites. They inhabit in these places people similar to the rest, worried about the conquest of their dreams and the elimination of those looks full of mistrust, of which strangers often make gala. By looking separately at each of these urban territories we find there the most humble immigrants from other municipalities of the Risaralda and from other regions of the country. There are innumerable families who search the city for another destination for their children. and the victims of floods, earthquakes, fears and new violence still emigrate. All of them arrive marked to the city by a common fate: poverty ". From the statements offered by the press you can see a very generic synthesis of its history: "the central gallery of Pereira was born as a center of provision of provisions for a normal, calm and progressive population. With the passage of time, the place consisting of 45 apples succumbed in an area of ​​little development and social indolence. Nearly 700 street vendors and an area of ​​intervention of approximately six hectares were also evaluated. This led to the rapid deterioration of living conditions resulting in delinquency, drug addiction, prostitution, gaminism. So what in the mid 50's was a fundamental space for commercial exchange ended up becoming in the 80's a headache that affected the state and the "good people" of the surroundings. A labyrinth of platforms occupied by the invaders, corridors where cheap and infantile sex was offered, where the "glue" and the "bazuco" relieved the weight of misery, all here that Gimeno calls "a poetics of rottenness". Already from the decade of the 30 are referenced to the human settlements on the banks of the River when a flow invaded houses and killed human lives. But with the growth of the city there were many neighborhoods next to the river occupied by migration. For the construction of an "imaginary" about the insecurity in the neighborhood we find that there are constants analogous to those registered in the "gallery" and in the "Villa Santana" sector. Sensationalist treatment of the sector by the mass media. Oral stories about insecurity in the neighborhood, which have become collective. The urban "look" of those who pass by car or bus. Whoever goes through it, "looks" at the neighborhoods next to the river, and that view is charged by a certain social vision and that in no case is it indifferent or neutral. Any of the references cited, whose language is literary, contribute to offer us an imaginary description of this micro-universe. But the distance has not prevented that the stories elaborated about this sector intermingle the poverty of its inhabitants with histories of delinquency, drugs and prostitution. The neighborhood began its settlement in the takeoff of the 80s due to the action of politicians who bought land and then sell it in batches to immigrants from other regions of the country or also to humble people in the urban area of ​​Pereira. Its exact location is the Northeastern part of Pereira and forming part of the commune eight. Although the neighborhood did not emerge as an invasion if they were already Monserrate, the Danube, two of the most depressed neighborhoods both economically and socially of the eight commune. The population registered by the municipality exceeds 15,692 people. The figures indicate an annual demographic growth of 30%, which, projected towards the year 2000, will result in a rather high population margin. With the growth of the city itself "the imaginaries that are projected on this neighborhood replicate what happens with other depressed territories of the country. For the purposes of the present investigation we are interested in showing how the geographical location of the city allows the most densely poor part to remain invisible to the rest of the inhabitants. 6 comments September 28, 2013November 6, 2016 by germanhj08, posted in Uncategorized 1. I have believed and I still believe that the best of the poets is the one who has the worst readers. In this place he was able to conclude the third and half of the baccalaureate quarter, since when the year of 1924 passed he had to interrupt his studies due to the death of his father, which generated the responsibility to take charge of his mother and his sister Mercedes. Luis Carlos González inherited from his father his strength, his party spirit and his non-negotiable sense of honor, but he also welcomed his mother's tenderness and effort. Talking about this master undoubtedly implies that it was he who created the verses of La Ruana, which is for many the city's second hymn. But to better understand its importance it is also necessary to recognize how the life and work of a writer, despite being parallel worlds intersect. These and many other reasons allow him to be considered a great artisan of verses worthy of respect and exaltation. Photo that corresponds to a small assembly that became a brochure, to distribute it to known people, in the company of the following verses: Revelation! Against all bites - even crush thethis puritan cures. Your culture being dwarfed, your power is prodigious, and as you are pious, pray Blessed Minejo, for this divine old man is most miraculous. With the honest humility of my vows, I am praying for you and yours, that happiness be your permanent companion during the delightful life of the year to come. Exceptional photo in which he is accompanied by his beloved sister Lolita, in his first years of life. 1915: He wrote his first verses on May 3, a quatrain he made in the company of his sister Lolita. 1919: Study at the Caldas Institute. He manages the newspaper of general interest and protector of studious youth Buds. In September he writes the poem Fiesta del estudiante. 1924: Write Agony, verses for Mercedes his sister. 1925: In February he writes his last letter to his mother from Bogotá. 1926: On February 20, write My Four Tastes, First Letters. On June 14 writes Recuerdos, to respond to a survey of Variety magazine. 1929: On June 14, he wrote Ofrenda, addressed to Mercedes in celebration of his seventeenth birthday. 1931: On July 13 he is appointed administrator of "El Diario", where he also participates as a theatrical chronicler. On November 5 he publishes 12 chronicles regarding an investigation of a crime in which Mr. Ernesto Holguín was involved. On November 22 he resigns as administrator. 1932: In July he writes the poem We are not of them. 1943: His first daughter, Marta, is born on August 18. 1948: His second son, Fernando, was born on March 8. 1953: His third son, Eduardo, was born on October 25. 1957: On August 29 the Club of Commerce pays homage to him. 1958: It publishes A letter and silent cinema. On November 23 he retires from the Public Companies. 1962: On December 19 the Club of Commerce pays him a new tribute. Bambucos de Caldas for Colombia. He also publishes Asilo de versos. On August 17, they offer a tribute to the "little house of Pereira" as part of the celebration of the centenary of Pereira. For the occasion he creates a great poem entitled Twelve against one, dedicated to those who had composed the music of their-until then-46 bambucos. Bank of the Republic editions. 1984: Publishes Retouching images. 30 chronicles of the ancient Pereira. On April 30 receives notification of retirement pension by the Rialto Club. Bambucos de Caldas for Colombia. 30 chronicles of the ancient Pereira. She is the founder of towns with the tiple and the ax, and the wandering dog that swallowed the mountains. I, barely, am a disciple following twelve teachers. I accept your homage - I swear by my Centenary to give them to them with heart and soul. I, barely, am a disciple following twelve teachers. I accept your homage - I swear by my Centenary to give them to them with heart and soul. One of the poems that became bambuco, which is remembered especially by his daughter Marta. Idle embroiders the landscape fountain that bleeds and defoliates butterflies cruel gale distances; the terroir that enslaved my plants is tired and my absence is praying the widowhood of the mountain. Tiredness of earth and man-torpe blindness of lamp is closing horizons and licensing the axes, while the memory sows on grooves of nostalgia, silence of nightingales in the tierruca and the soul. The group of foreigners to which we refer has not only nipped Christian piety in the bud, but has killed the most elementary standards of good repute and justice. In the cemetery of San Camilo there is not an easy-to-use staircase for the mourners to place the flowers on the tombs of their beloved dead. In the cemetery of San Camilo is negotiated with the human remains. With just indignation we have contemplated skulls of ignored beings that serve as trinket of Jewish commerce, and the hyenas to which we make mention are given in exchange for a few coins. That is to say, in the cemetery of San Camilo skulls are sold by special order and at a low price. Yesterday we had the opportunity to register a new outrage of the chapetones to which we are obliged and unpleasant reference. Those who visited the cemetery did not find water to fill their vases, because the operators ordered the suspension of such service, thus avoiding the small outlay that it represents. How is it possible for a people to resist this outrageous series of isolated passages of the Spanish war for longer? Will the unsuccessful comedians and the bullfighters without cloak believe that Franco's rifles are walking around our ground victorious? Will the inmates of the conquest figure that the absence of colonial gold can turn the city of the dead into a plunder for their ambition? We hope that the authorities of Pereira will take action in this matter, since it is no longer a clause of Concordat to become a police case that demands punishment. Empire of blunderbusses and stills on sterile solar cowardice. Of the tangle that the ancestor only scrutinizes, we remain pure: the son of a bitch and we are still denying it! The language has never been more dwarf in my expression as it is on this occasion of Pereira's waste. Fighting are, hand in hand, very generous intention and heartbeat trying to understand something that in my opinion is noble exaggeration. The Hall of Culture with my name and surname safeguards the oblivion to bobo of embrace. However, I forgive you for such a generous mistake, and my gratitude is a flower that I constantly fertilize. Do not die of abandonment my faithful gratitude as an old man and the love of the region that does not escape my memory will be a flower in my lapel, a silk glove in my hand. May life forgive them so noble exaggeration by leaving me with an opportunity for a good return. The soul is confused with facts like the present and whoever denies it lies as a cowardly villain without a faithful handshake, my gesture of good people. God bless the aguardiente and the Pereirano affection. From the forehead that sweats to the land that bleeds, cries salt messages a telegraph of tears. The afternoon, idle palette, mixing tortoiseshell and mother-of-pearl in the face of the day traces of shadow tattoos. I inherited from the crazy grandfather his dreams and his "three stripes", the ten cries of his tiple, and the embrace of his ruana. With the movement of keys on emerald paper, I wanted to exchange his ears in a pile of words, and make the oaks complain as the old man did when the wind blew the hurricane of his axes to pieces. My roads were lost like children in the mountains. Untreated, dirty, for God's sake, chewing on a crop-harvested tobacco spits out the chords of the expensive orchestra. And as I contemplate his quiet presence, I imagine he is decorating the vagrancy of the wall with a permanent sign of aggressive protest. But he does not deserve the use of his name as an excuse for the self-promotion and the figuration of some national characters. " It is with all my heart my meek thanks, and frankly I regret not having anyone invited to be a reinforced gag and bobo of birth. This condenses the love for his family, and the real importance that always had the care and concern for it, compared to popular recognitions as ephemeral and accommodating as the circumstance that deserved it. In the shop unknown to me of the ruling policy, it was your heart-throbbing verse of courageous warmth and my Pereira flirts you today with compelling satisfaction that ensures more joy to the recount of our festive home. You told me that the moon, keeper of wisdom, was the one who dyed your head and not the fatigue of irresponsible dawns. I knew there were giants of love, like my mother, your "companion". That when the vivacious encounters of affection gave lamparón of absence, I would mourn his infidelity, my dog. That, in Goethe's time, was true. And it was, later, in the time of Proust or Wilde. Have the sonorous rooms of Virgil or old Meleager died? Have the harmonious songs of Anacreon or Sappho died in their land or in foreign countries? Have the rhymes -one of them- died of Bécquer? Has he died, even a single verse, of the celestial Father Darío? One by one they will grow, in time, like serene trees or like bright stars. Poems do not die, poets do not die. He does not die, the romantic lyricism that inhabits, like a nightingale in the pine grove of the orchard, in the harmonious heart of the poet. Sometimes like that, he sings to his hometown. Others to the dog, night watchman of sorrows and of Amores. Others to the vain, the useless pain of the unfinished idyll: I gave everything to you. Nothing remains in the autumn garden of my betrayals, and in wood, without light, of my songs you are the blood of the crucified light. And with golden dawn glow. Or with golden rosicler of golden twilight blond. As time passes, between nostalgia and nostalgia and without finding a remedy, the frost is covering us. While the muleteer is leaving, with the enjalmadas mules, we will prepare the jotos, waiting for our march. More then when we are already, juntitos in the other room, grouped to the shelter, warm of your ruana. He wrote verses because he was... He was born a poet and from his pen the delicate and simple stanza for a terrific bambuco springs up with such ease, like the humorous sonnet, the embroidered romance of daring metaphors and the rebellious turn of the humble groups ". González is a comic of fine carats. It is not reading text, nor is it a dictionary servant. Festive for the many, useless for the wise. Despite this apparently frivolous presentation, the book has numerous poems of great merit. In them, González is shown as a deep lover of their land, their landscapes, their customs. He loves the countryside that surrounds him, the streets of his town, his friends, his little details that for many less observers would go unnoticed. His poetry, in many aspects, could fall within the so-called "Poetry of the unimportant". It is the most difficult, but the most intimately linked to the spirit. It is where the issues are minimal, but the inspiration is maximum, and then an invaluable aesthetic balance is established. Of them I copy, as a sample of his literary work, the one titled "Pain of my pain": Everything I gave it to you. Nothing remains in the autumn garden of my betrayals, and in the wood, without light, of my songs you are the blood of crucified light. If you are the life of my own life, pain of my pain, dagger in my wound and sunbath among my ruins, Hold on to my silent flight and punish my evil as the rose punishes the evil of the thorns. Eduardo says that the title of this anthology came from the prologue that was commissioned from him and that at the request of those who financed the project was used to name the whole book. Remember that for the radio program he did with his sister Marta he asked his father to write some small chronicles of the old Pereira. Luis Carlos not only did it with pleasure, but he recorded them in his own voice. This idea that emerged from something radial "to be read aloud", combined the chronicle with some humorous strokes to account for the first years of life in the city. Bambucos de Caldas for Colombia. In the first, the poems of the first book were included along with some unpublished ones, and in the second, those poems that until then had been played in bambuco rhythm. The mentioned micro-effusion made him be hospitalized for the first and only time. Despite the above, it is not possible to establish with certainty a link between this and the final cause of death, which apparently was a cardiac problem. Luis Carlos González always showed great respect by the poets, in such a way that he considered himself no more than a simple "versifier". Traditional festivities such as Christmas accompanied by gunpowder or mothers' day were always important for this teacher, turning his home into a house of permanent visits. Although its adaptation has not been easy due to the extension of the poems, these bambucos made history from the 40s of the last century; and this was thanks to the conjunction of text and melody in a natural symbiosis, not forced. It was good and noble like a Spanish wine and it had the widest and sincere smile I have ever seen. But Juan was not just a desk scholar. I met him in Lima, a cold morning of fog of 2003, in a hotel near the coast, in the neighborhood of Miraflores. And learning for Juan Andreo was the constant. As a teacher, Juan Andreo emanated the passion of the teacher, the prudence of the researcher but above all the nobility and the disposition of the true companion willing to listen. But above all and as a human being, Andreo taught us the value of solidarity, of friendship, of loyalty that goes beyond continental distances. Thanks to him I learned that the revolution begins at home. In our youth we dreamed of being nomads although it was very different to become nomads by decision than by obligation. Violence and poverty are sufficient reasons to run out of the house, the city or the country. Starvation and scarcity drive us out of space, but they also turn out to be a mixture of wants and desires when we throw ourselves into the dream of traveling the earth to find a job, to experiment, to forget some sentimental disappointment. We walk more through the world than we did in the time of the Crusades, the Ice Age, or the indigenous couriers known as the Chasquis who mobilized throughout the Inca Empire. I confess that I have my own ways of nomadism: among my books are those old forms of travel, when, looking at my library, I discover a volume that I had forgotten or when I write on my moleskin or on my personal computer. But I also think of those little nomadisms, those that are made in the city, when we explore it as patrollers or as adventurers. In the end and the end life is not more than that: the unstoppable slide towards the transformation of our matter. The memory that accompanies us in that change of matter today is only a moment in the great time of eternity. The indigent and the displaced, the refugee and the job seeker are visible nomads of our contemporaneity.


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